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State Normal School 
salem massachusetts 




SIXTY-FIFTH YEAR 

1918-1919 





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State Normal School 
salem massachusetts 




SIXTY-FIFTH YEAR 

1918-1919 



Publication of this Document 

approved by the 
Supervisor of Administration. 



Members and Staff of the State Board 

of Education 



1919 



Term expires Members of the Board 

May 1 

1919. FREDERICK P. FISH Brookline 

1920. SARAH LOUISE ARNOLD Brookline 

1919. ELLA LYMAN CABOT Boston 

1921. A. LINCOLN FILENE Boston 

1919. FREDERICK W. HAMILTON .... Cambridge 

1920. PAUL H. HANUS Cambridge 

1921. WALTER V. McDUFFEE Springfield 

1921. GEORGE H. WRENN Springfield 

1920. MICHAEL J. DOWNEY Boston 

PAYSON SMITH Commissioner 

Elementary and High Schools 
FRANK W. WRIGHT Deputy commissioner 

Agents 

BURR F. JONES Elementary schools 

CLARENCE D. KINGSLEY High schools 

Vocational Schools 
ROBERT O. SMALL Deputy commissioner 



ARTHUR S. ALLEN 
WILLIAM D. PARKINSON 
RUFUS W. STIMSON 
FRANKLIN E. HEALD . 
LOUISA I. PRYOR . 

M.'NORCROSS STRATTON 
CAROLINE A. NOURSE 
ANNA K. KLOSS 

ANNA P. HANRAHAN . 

CARL E. HERRICK 



Agents 

Day and evening schools for boys and men 

Teacher-training division 

Agricultural schools 

Teacher-training for agricultural schools 

Day and evening schools for girls and 
women 

Training courses for industrial teachers 

Assistant, evening practical arts schools 

Teacher-training for day and evening house- 
hold arts schools 

Assistant, teacher-training for day and 
evening household arts schools 

Administration agent 



University Extension 
JAMES A. MOYER Director 



JOSEPH W. L. HALE 1 
ROBERT H. SPAHR 
CHARLES W. HOBBS 
HERBERT A. DALLAS 



Agents 

. Correspondence instruction 

Extension classes 
. Editor and supervisor of instruction 
. Classes in industrial subjects 



CHARLES F. TOWNE 



Immigrant education 



JAMES F. HOPKINS 
ROBERT I. BRAMHALL 
EDWARD C. BALDWIN 
GEORGE H. VARNEY . 



Director, art education 
Registration of teachers 
Business agent 
Chief clerk 



1 On leave of absence with Chester, Pennsylvania, Ship Building Company. 



Instructors 



The Normal School 

JOSEPH ASBURY PITMAN Principal 

Education 

Agnes Caroline Blake Dean of Women 

Librarian; Library practice 

Jessie Putnam Learoyd English 

Charles Frederick Whitney .... Practical arts and fine arts 

Mary Alice Warren . . . Physical training, physiology and hygiene 
Gertrude Brown Goldsmith, M.A. Nature study, gardening, psychology 

Helen Hood Rogers Children's literature, reading 

Fred Willis Archibald Music 

Harriet Emma Peet Literature, arithmetic 

Sumner Webster Cushing, A.M. 1 Geography 

Charles Elmer Doner Penmanship 

Ethel Augusta Rollinson Shorthand, typewriting 

Lyman Richards Allen, S.B Education, history 

Walter George Whitman, A.M General science 

Verna Belle Flanders Assistant, geography 

Bertha Mae Sperry Assistant, arithmetic and reading 

Lena Grayson FitzHugh, A.B. . . Assistant, English and history 

Elizabeth Burnham . . Assistant, practical arts and physical training 
Elizabeth Fuller Jackson, A.M., Ph.D. . History and social science 

Lillian E. Eaton .... Typewriting, stenotypy, correspondence 
Alexander Hugh Sproul, B.S., M.S. . . Bookkeeping, commercial law, 

pedagogy, merchandizing 

Bookkeeping, commercial arithmetic 

Louise Caroline Wellman Secretary 

The Training School 

Bertrand Holmes Wallace, A.B Director 

Harold Sumner Stockwell Practical arts 

Gertrude Breitzke Household arts 

Gertrude Ella Richardson Supervisor, Grade 8 

Fanny Louise Morrison Supervisor, Grades 7 and 6 

Edna Smith Evans Assistant, Grades 7 and 6 

Mary Lillian Perham Supervisor, Grades 5 and 4 

Marion Isabel Knowlton Assistant, Grades 3 and 4 

Mary Elizabeth James Supervisor, Grades 3 and 2 

Flora Leone Moore, B.S. . . Supervisor, Grade 1 and kindergarten 

Eleanor Agnes Parker Assistant, Grade 1 

Ethel Vera Knight . . . Kindergartner: assistant in primary grades 
Eleanor Elizabeth Walker Special class 

The Glover School, Marblehead 

Fannie Viola Merry Principal 

Supervisor, Grades 5-8 

Editha May Grant Supervisor, Grades 1-4 

1 On leave of absence with Military Intelligence Bureau, Washington, D. C. Substitute, 
Cassius S. Lyman. 



Officers of the Salem Normal Association, 1916-1919 



Miss Gertrude Brown Goldsmith, Manchester (Class 
LXXXVI.) 

Mrs. Alice Gates Osborn, Peabody (Class LXXII.) 
Miss Harriet L. Martin, Salem (Class XXIII.) 
Miss Bertha M. Sperry, Amesbury (Class XCV.) . 
Mr. Arthur Joseph Sullivan, Salem (Class XCVII.) 
Miss Susan Miriam Glover, Salem (Class XX.) 
Miss Olive M. Adams, Beverly (Class XCII.) . 
Mrs. Esther Kelley Mayo, Lynn (Class LXXXVIII 
Miss Grace Eliza Hood, Salem (Class XCII.) 
Miss Verna Belle Flanders, Lynn (Class XCV.) . 



President 
Vice-President 
Secretary 

Assistant Secretary 
Treasurer 



} Directors 



Officers of the Senior Class 

Doris Andrews ' . . . . President 

Hazel D. Varina Vice-President 

Agnes M. Mullin Secretary 

Mildred B. G. Ahlgren Treasurer 

Members of the School Council 

J. Asbury Pitman J 

Elizabeth Burnham > Faculty 

Lena G. FitzHugh J 

Doris Andrews 

Almina C. Knowlton } Senior Class 

Barbara R. Frisbie 

Catherine T. Donovan 

Mary I. Devaney } Middle Class 

Elizabeth James 

Elizabeth G. Poole . 

Marjorie J. Vradenburgh } Junior Class 

Evelyn M. Lossone 

Members of the Athletic Advisory Board 

J. Asbury Pitman 1 

George R. Tilford > Faculty 

Sumner W. Cushing J 

C. Harold Striley Student 

Joseph M. Gilmore Graduate 

Officers of the Athletic Association 

President 

Vice-President 

James J. Toner Secretary 

George R. Tilford Treasurer 



Officers of the Musical Clubs 

Glee Club 

Agnes M. Mullin Secretary 

Luella F. Tarbox Treasurer 

Doris Andrews Librarian 

Elizabeth C. Adams 

Dawn E. Seavey 

Fred W. Archibald Director 



\ Assistant Librarians 



Officers of the Commercial Club 

Mary I. Devaney President 

Josephine M. McCarthy Vice-President 

Alice P. McNamara . . . • Secretary 

Katherine L. Ott Treasurer 

George R. Tilford Faculty Advisor 



Officers of the Art Club 

Hilda Foote . . President 

Anne E. Magennis Vice-President 

Elizabeth T. Clarke Secretary and Treas- 
urer 
C Frederick Whitney Advisor 



Officers of the Bird Club 

Freda C. Sherin President 

Dorothea A. Shay Vice-President 

Margaret K. Batchelder Secretary 

Sadie R. Siegel Treasurer 

Gertrude B. Goldsmith Director 



Officers of the Dramatic Club 

Ruth E. Jackman President 

Mary A. Salmon Secretary 

Anne E. Magennis Treasurer 

Harriet E. Peet Faculty Advisor 



Calendar for 1919=1920 



Spring Recess 



From close of school on Friday, March 28, 1919, to Monday, April 7, 1919, 

at 9.30 a.m. 



Graduation Week, 1919 

Thursday morning, June 26, at 10.30 o'clock, graduation 
Saturday, June 28, triennial meeting of the Alumni Association 



Beginning of School Year 

Wednesday, September 10, 1919, at 9.30 a.m. 



Thanksgiving Recess 

From close of school on Wednesday preceding Thanksgiving Day, to the follow- 
ing Monday, at 9.30 a.m. 



Christmas Recess 

From close of school on Tuesday, December 23, 1919, to Friday, January 2, 

1920, at 9.30 a.m. 



Beginning of Second Half Year 

Monday, February 2, 1920 

Spring Recess 

From close of school on Friday, February 27, 1920, to Monday, March 8, 

1920, at 9.30 a.m. 
From close of school on Friday, April 30, 1920, to Monday, May 10, 1920, at 

9.30 a.m. 

Graduation 

Tuesday, June 22, 1920, at 10.30 a.m. 



10 

Entrance Examinations 
1919 

Tuesday and Wednesday, June 17 and 18 
Monday and Tuesday, September 8 and 9 

1920 

Thursday and Friday, June 17 and 18 
Tuesday and Wednesday, September 7 and 8 

(For hours and order, see pages 16 and 17) 



Note. — The daily sessions of the school are from 9.30 to 12 and from 1 to 3.10 o'clock. The 
time from 8.30 to 9.30 and from 2.30 to 3.30 o'clock is to be used for study by all students who 
are in the building. From 2.30 to 3.30 o'clock, all students are subject to appointments for 
conferences with members of the faculty at the discretion of the latter. Lectures before the 
entire school will frequently be held at this time. The regular weekly holiday of both the 
normal and the training schools is on Saturday. 

The telephone call of the normal school is Salem, 375; of the training school, Salem, 344. 

The principal's residence is at 411 Lafayette Street, and his telephone call is Salem, 943. 



State Nor/vial School 

SALEM MASSACHUSETTS 



AIMS AND PURPOSES 

The aim of the school is distinctly professional. Normal 
schools are maintained by the State in order that the children 
in the public schools of the Commonwealth may have teachers 
of superior ability; therefore no student may be admitted to, 
or retained in, the school who does not give reasonable promise 
of developing into an efficient teacher. 

The school offers as thorough a course of academic instruc- 
tion as time permits and the claims of professional training de- 
mand. The subjects of the elementary curriculum are care- 
fully reviewed with reference to methods of teaching. The 
professional training also includes the study of physiology and 
hygiene, and of psychology from a professional standpoint; the 
principles of education upon which all good teaching is founded; 
observation and practice in the application of these principles; 
and a practical study of children, under careful direction. In 
all the work of the school there is a constant and persistent 
effort to develop a true professional spirit, to reveal to the 
student the wealth of opportunity which is open to the teacher, 
and the grandeur of a life of service. 

APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION 

It is advisable that application be made soon after Janu- 
ary 1, and that certificates be presented early in June. As far 
as possible, examinations should be taken in June. 

Candidates who have been admitted to the school, and who 
find that it will be impossible for them to enter, are expected 
to inform the office of their withdrawal immediately. 



12 

No place will be held for a student who is not present at 
the opening of the session on Wednesday, September 10, un- 
less he has the previous permission of the principal to be absent 
on that day. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION 

I. A candidate for admission to a Massachusetts State 
normal school as a regular student must have attained the age 
of seventeen years if a man, and sixteen years if a woman, on 
or before the first day of September in the year in which he 
seeks admission (but for admission to the household arts 
course at the Framingham Normal School an age of at least 
eighteen years is required); must be free from diseases or in- 
firmities or other defects which would unfit him for the office 
of teacher; must present a certificate of good moral character; 
and must present evidence of graduation from a high school 
or of equivalent preparation, and, in addition, offer such 
satisfactory evidence of scholarship as may be required by the 
regulations of the Board. He must submit detailed records 
of scholarship from the principal of the high school or other 
school in which preparation has .been made, showing the 
amount of time given to individual subjects and the grades 
therein, and such additional evidence of qualifications for the 
calling of teacher as may be defined in the regulations of the 
Board relating to normal schools. 

II. A candidate for admission as a regular student to a 
general course must offer satisfactory evidence of preparation 
in the subjects listed under A, B and C, amounting to fifteen 
units, ten of which units, however, must be in subjects under 
A and B and secured either by examination or certification. 
(The Massachusetts Normal Art School requires, in addition, 
that a special examination in drawing be passed. Applicants 
for admission to the Practical Arts Department of the Fitch- 
burg Normal School may substitute evidence of practical 
experience in some industrial employment in whole or in part 
for the above.) 

A unit represents a year's study in any subject in a second- 



13 



ary school, constituting approximately one-quarter of a full 
year's work. 1 



A. Prescribed Subjects. — Three units. 
(1) English literature and composition 



. 3 units 



B. Elective Subjects. — At least seven units from the follow- 
ing subjects: — 

1 unit 

1 unit 

1, 2 or 3 units 

2, 3 or 4 units 

2 or 3 units 
2 units 
2 or 3 units 
1 unit 
1 unit 
\ or 1 unit 
\ or 1 unit 
\ or 1 unit 
\ or 1 unit 
\ or 1 unit 
1, 2 or 3 units 
1 unit 
1 or 2 units 
1 unit 



2 

\ or 1 unit 
1 unit 



For the present, the topics included within the foregoing 
subjects will be such as are usually accepted by the Massa- 
chusetts colleges for entrance. The outlines submitted by the 
College Entrance Examination Board (431 West 117th Street, 
New York City) will be found suggestive by high schools. 

C. Additional Subjects. — At least five units from any of 
the foregoing subjects, or from other subjects approved by the 

1 The Board of Education has ruled that not less than four recitation periods per week 
throughout the school year shall constitute one unit. 

2 History includes: ancient; mediaeval and modern; English; American history and 
civics; history to 1700; European history since 1700. 



(2; 


Algebra 






(3; 


Geometry 






(4: 


History 2 






(5] 


Latin 






(6] 


French 






(7; 


Spanish 






(8] 


German 






(9: 


Physics 






(io; 


Chemistry 






(ll! 


Biology, botany or zoology 


(12; 


Physical geography 


(13; 


Physiology and hygiene 


(14; 


General science . 


(is; 


Drawing 


(16; 


Household arts 


(17; 


Manual training . 


(is; 


Stenography, including typ 


(19; 


Bookkeeping 


(20; 


Commercial geography 


(21] 


Arithmetic . 


(22; 


Community civics 


(23; 


Current eve 


Qts 


. 



14 

high school towards the diploma of graduation of the applicant, 
representing work in addition to that for which credit is gained 
by examination or certification. 

III. A. Examinations. — Each applicant for admission, 
unless exempted by the provisions of sections IV. and V., 
must pass entrance examinations in the subjects as required 
under A and B. Examinations in these subjects will be held 
at each of the normal schools in June and September of each 
year (examinations for the Massachusetts Normal Art School 
are held only in September). Candidates applying for ad- 
mission by examination must present credentials or certificates 
from their schools to cover the requirements under C, and 
will not be given examinations in these subjects. Persons not 
able to present these credentials must obtain credit for fifteen 
units by examination in the subjects listed under A and B. 

B. Division of Examinations. — A candidate for admission 
to a normal school may take all of the examinations at once, 
or divide them between June and September. A candidate 
will receive permanent credit for any units secured by ex- 
amination or certification. 

IV. Admission on Certificate. — A graduate of a public 
high school approved by the Board of Education for purposes 
of certification to a State normal school may be exempted by 
the principal of the normal school from examination in any of 
the subjects under A and B in which the principal of the 
high school shall certify that the applicant is entitled to 
certification, in accordance with standards as defined by the 
Board of Education. 

Credits secured by any candidate from the Board of Regents 
of the State of New York, or for admission to any college in 
the New England College Entrance Certificate Board, either 
by examination or certification, or in the examinations of the 
College Entrance Examination Board, will be accepted towards 
the total of ten units under A and B. In addition to the 
units granted by certification candidates must present creden- 
tials for subjects under C. 

V. Admission of Special Students. — (a) When in any 
normal school, or in any course therein, the number of students 



15 

entered as regular students and as advanced students at the 
opening of any school year is below the maximum number for 
which the school has accommodations, the commissioner may 
authorize the admission as a special student of an applicant 
who, being otherwise qualified, and who, having taken the 
entrance examinations, has failed to meet the full requirements 
provided in the regulations of the Board, but who, neverthe- 
less, is recommended by the principal of the normal school as, 
in his estimation, qualified to become a teacher. Such a 
special student shall be given regular standing only when he 
shall have satisfied all admission requirements, and when his 
work in the school, in the estimation of the principal, justifies 
such standing. The principal of the normal school shall re- 
port annually in October to the commissioner as to all special 
students. Certificates may be granted to special students in 
accordance with regulations approved by the Board. 

(6) When in any normal school, or in any course therein, 
the number of students entered as regular students, as ad- 
vanced students, and as special students, as defined in (a) at 
the opening of any school year is below the maximum number 
for which the school has accommodations, the commissioner 
may, subject to such special regulations as may be approved 
by the Board, authorize the admission to any class as a 
special student, on the recommendation of the principal, of a 
person possessing special or exceptional qualifications for the 
work of such class. Such special student shall not be con- 
sidered a candidate for a diploma until he shall have qualified 
as a regular student, but may, on the satisfactory completion 
of the work of the course, be granted a certificate to that 
effect by the Board. The principal of the normal school shall 
report annually in October to the commissioner as to all 
special students in the school under the provisions of this 
section. 

VI. Admission as Advanced Students. — A graduate of a 
normal school or of a college, or any person with not less than 
three years' satisfactory experience in teaching, may be ad- 
mitted as a regular or as an advanced student to any course 
under such regulations as may be approved by the Board. 



16 



REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION TO THE COMMERCIAL 

DEPARTMENT 

The requirements for admission to the prescribed course of 
four years are the same as for students who apply for ad- 
mission to the elementary and intermediate departments. 

Graduates of colleges, and graduates of normal schools who 
have had at least two years of satisfactory experience in teach- 
ing, may be admitted to special elective courses of one year. 

Graduates of normal schools who have had no experience in 
teaching, graduates of private commercial schools who present 
either diplomas from approved high schools or the equivalent, 
and who have had at least one year's experience in teaching 
or in business, and other persons presenting evidence of proper 
fitness and at least two years of satisfactory experience in 
teaching or in business, may be admitted to special elective 
courses of two years. 

It is a requirement for graduation from the commercial 
department that students shall have had the equivalent of one 
year's practical experience in office work or salesmanship not 
less than one year prior to the end of their school course, 
which, if obtained subsequent to the beginning of their normal 
school work, shall have been obtained under the general super- 
vision of the commercial department. 

Graduates from the full course will receive diplomas. Ap- 
propriate certificates will be awarded to special students who 
complete approved courses of study. Students who present 
full equivalents of prescribed courses may be admitted to ad- 
vanced standing; in most cases the study must have included 
some professional work. 

SCHEDULE OF ENTRANCE EXAMINATIONS 

Tuesday, June 17, 1919 



Morning 
8.30- 8.45. Registration 
8.45-10.30. English 
10.30-11.30. Geometry 
11.30-12.30. Household arts, man- 
ual training 



Afternoon 

1.30-2.30. Drawing, stenography 
2.30-4.00. Latin, arithmetic 
4.00-5.00. General science, current 

events, community 

civics 



17 



Wednesday, June 18, 1919 



8.15- 8.30. 
8.30-10.00. 

10.00-11.30. 
11.30-12.30. 



Morning 

Registration 

French, German, 
Spanish 

History 

Physical geography, 
commercial geogra- 
phy 



Afternoon 

1.30-2.30. Algebra 

2.30-3.30. Chemistry, physics 

3.30-4.30. Physiology, bookkeep- 
ing 

4.30-5.30. Biology, botany, zo51- 
ogy 



Monday, September 8, 1919 



8.30- 8.45. 

8.45-10.30. 
10.30-11.30. 
11.30-12.30. 



Morning 

Registration 
English 
Geometry 

Household arts, man- 
ual training 



Afternoon 

1.30-2.30. Drawing, stenography 
2.30-4.00. Latin, arithmetic 
4.00-5.00. General science, current 

events, community 

civics 



Tuesday, September 9, 1919 



8.15- 8.30. 
8.30-10.00. 

10.00-11.30. 
11.30-12.30. 



Morning 

Registration 

French, German, 
Spanish 

History 

Physical geography, 
commercial geogra- 
phy 



Afternoon 

1.30-2.30. Algebra 

2.30-3.30. Chemistry, physics 

3.30-4.30. Physiology, bookkeep- 
ing 

4.30-5.30. Biology, botany, zool- 
ogy 



CONDITIONS OF GRADUATION 

The satisfactory accomplishment of the academic work of 
the course does not constitute a complete title to the diploma 
of the school. The power of the student to teach — judged 
from his personality and his efficiency in practice teaching — 
is so important that one who is manifestly unable to do so will 
not be graduated, whatever his academic standing may be. 



18 



THE OBSERVATION AND TRAINING DEPARTMENT 

The Elementary Department. — In co-operation with the 
school committee of the city of Salem, the normal school 
maintains a training school, beginning with a kindergarten and 
fitting pupils for the high school. The training school is con- 
ducted in a new building especially designed for its purpose. 
Besides thirty classrooms it contains an assembly hall, a li- 
brary, and rooms for printing, bookbinding, the practical arts, 
and the household arts. 

In planning the instruction in this school the aim is to 
connect it as closely as possible with the work in the normal 
school, to the end that the methods of teaching here may 
exemplify the theory which the normal school students are 
taught. A considerable part of the instruction in the training 
school is either supervised or actually given by normal school 
teachers, and the work in the normal school in particular sub- 
jects, as well as in the theory of education, is based largely on 
directed observation in the training department. 

The work of the supervising teachers in the training depart- 
ment includes responsibility for the progress and discipline of 
pupils and the continuity and efficiency of the lesson prepara- 
tion and classroom instruction of the student teachers, subject 
to the general direction and advice of the director of the 
school. 

Opportunity is provided for students who intend to teach 
in the first grade to observe in the kindergarten, in order 
that they may become familiar with the theory and methods 
of the kindergarten and its relation to the rest of the ele- 
mentary school system. A part of the students have the 
opportunity to teach in our model ungraded school in Marble- 
head. Arrangements have been made, also, for the seniors to 
gain additional experience in teaching in the schools of a con- 
siderable number of cities, including Beverly, Brockton, 
Newton, and Salem. 

This work is carried on under the joint supervision of the 
local school officers and the normal school. 






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19 

The Intermediate Department. — Those students who are 
preparing to teach in the junior high school are required to 
have at least twenty weeks of practice. In the second year of 
the course each is assigned to one of the elementary grades in 
the training school for a period of ten weeks. The practice in 
the senior year, for an equal pernod, includes teaching in the 
seventh and eighth grades in the training school, and in the 
junior high schools of Lynn, Chelsea, and Somerville. In 
these schools the practice is carried on under the personal 
supervision of the director of the training department, and the 
teachers and supervisory officers of the several schools. 

The Commercial Department. — The necessary opportunity 
for observation and practice teaching for students in this 
department is afforded in approved high schools with which 
arrangements for supervision have been made. This list has 
included the Newton Technical High School, the Lynn 
English High School, and the high schools at Brockton, 
Canton, and Hamilton. 

Students are required to spend the third year of the course 
in office work or salesmanship, for pay, under actual business 
conditions, in positions which have been approved by the 
school, and their work in these positions must be of such a 
character, both in quality and in variety, that it may be 
accepted for credit toward the diploma of the department. 
In accordance with the rule of the Board of Education, this 
year of practical experience must be completed not less than 
one year prior to the end of the school course. 



20 



CURRICULA FOR ELEMENTARY, INTERMEDIATE, AND 
COMMERCIAL DEPARTMENTS 



A. Elementary Department 

Designed for students preparing to teach in the first six grades of elementary schools 
A period is forty minutes in length 





Number of 
Weeks 


Periods Weekly 


OF — 


Name and Number op 
Course 


Recitation 


Laboratory 

or 
Teaching 


Outside 
Preparation 


First Year 










English Language 1 . 


36 


2 


- 


2 to 3 hours 


English Language 8 . . 


12 


3 


- 


2 to 3 hours 


English Language 9 . . 


36 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Literature 1 .... 


24 


3 


- 


3 to 4 hours 


Arithmetic 1 


36 


3 


- 


2 to 3 hours 


Geography 1 


36 


4 


Occasional 
field trips 


4 hours 


History and Social Science 1 


36 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Music 1 


36 


1 


- 


1 hour 


Music 4 


36 


1 


- 


None 


Education 1 .... 


36 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Library Study .... 


15 


1 


1 


1 hour 


Practical Arts 1 1 
Fine Arts 1 J 


36 


2 


- 


1 hour 


Physical Education 1 . 


36 


2 


- 


1 hour 


Second Year 










English Language 2 . 


26 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Literature 2 .... 


26 


2 


- 


2 to 3 hours 


History and Social Science 2 


26 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Physical Education 4 . 


26 


2 


- 


2 hours 




26 


1 


- 


1 hour 




26 


1 


- 


None 


Education 2 . . . . 


26 


1 


- 


2 hours 


English Language 10 . 


26 


2 


- 


1 hour 


Nature Study .... 


26 


4 


- 


4 to 5 hours 


Physical Science 1 


26 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Practical Arts 2 1 
Fine Arts 2 J 


26 


3 


- 


2 hours 


Physical Education 2 . 


26 


2 


- 


1 hour 


Education 6 . . . 


10 


~ 


Entire time 


15 hours 



21 



In April of each year an opportunity is given to members 
of the first-year class to elect the intermediate course, and to 
members of the second-year class in that course to elect the 
group of subjects to be pursued by each in the third year; in 
every case the election is subject to the approval of the prin- 
cipal. After this date no change in course may be made 
except for imperative reasons which could not have been 
foreseen. No course will be given unless there is a sufficient 
demand to warrant its maintenance. 



B. Intermediate Department 

Designed for students preparing to teach in grades 7 and 8 and in junior high schools 





Number of 
Weeks 


Periods Weekly op — 


Name and Number of 
Course 


Recitation 


Laboratory 

or 

Teaching" 


Outside 
Preparation 


First Year 
Identical with first year of A 

Second Year 
English Language 3 . . 
Literature 3 .... 
Arithmetic 2 . . . . 
Geography 2 . . . . 

History and Social Science 3 

Music 3 

Music 4 ..... 
Biological Science 
Physical Science 2 
English Language 11 . 
Practical Arts 3 1 
Fine Arts 3 J 
Physical Education 3 . 
Education 7 . . . . 


26 
26 
26 
26 

26 
26 
26 
26 
26 
26 

26 

26 
10 


2 
2 
2 
2 

2 
1 
1 
4 
2 
2 

3 

2 


Occasional 
field trips 

Entire time 


2 to 3 hours 
2 to 3 hours 

1 to 2 hours 

2 hours 

2 hours 

1 hour 
None 

4 to 5 hours 

2 hours 

1 hour 

2 hours 

1 hour 
15 hours 



22 



B. Intermediate Department — 


Concluded 






Number of 
Weeks 


Periods Weekly 


OF — 


Name and Number of 
Course 


Recitation 


Laboratory 

or 

Teaching 


Outside 
Preparation 


9 

Third Year {Elect One Group) 










Group I.: 










English Language 4 . . 


26 


2 


- 


3 hours 


Literature 6 1 
Literature 7 J 


26 


5 


- 


5 to 8 hours 


Music 4 


26 


1 


- 


None 


Education 3 


26 


3 


- 


3 hours 


Education 9 


26 


1 


- 


1 hour 


Physical Education 5 . 


26 


2 


- 


2 hours 


History and Social Science 4 


26 


5 


- 


5 hours 


Practical Arts 4 1 
Fine Arts 4 J 


26 


5 


- 


2 hours 


Education 7 . . 


10 


Entire time 


- 


15 hours 


Group II.: 










English Language 4 . . 


26 


2 


- 


3 hours 


Literature 7 .... 


26 


2 


- 


2 to 3 hours 


Music 4 


26 


1 


- 


None 


Education 3 


26 


3 


- 


3 hours 


Education 9 


26 


1 


- 


1 hour 


Physical Education 5 . 


26 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Geography 3 . . . . 


26 


5 


- 


5 hours 


Biological Science 


26 


4 


- 


4 to 5 hours 


Physical Science 3 


26 


5 


- 


5 hours 


Education 7 


10 


Entire time 


- 


15 hours 


Group III.: 










English Language 4 . . . 


26 


2 


- 


3 hours 


Literature 7 .... 


26 


2 


- 


2 to 3 hours 


Music 4 


26 


1 


- 


None 


Education 3 


26 


.3 


- 


3 hours 


Education 9 . . . . 


26 


1 


- 


1 hour 


Physical Education 5 . 


26 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Geography 3 . . . . 


26 


5 


- 


5 hours 


Arithmetic 4 


26 


3 


- 


2 to 3 hours 


Bookkeeping 5 1 
Penmanship J 


26 


5 


- 


5 hours 


Typewriting 5 


26 


5 


- 


2 hours. 


Education 7 


10 


Entire time 


— 


15 hours 



23 



C. Commercial Department 

Designed for students preparing to teach in high schools of commerce or commercial depart- 
ments in high schools 





Number of 
Weeks 


Periods Weekly op — 


Name and Number of 
Course 


Recitation 


Laboratory 

or 

Teaching 


Outside 
Preparation 


First Year 










English Language 5 . 


36 


2 


1 


2 hours 


Shorthand 1 


36 


4 


- 


5 hours 


Typewriting 1 


36 


4 


'- 


None 


History and Social Science 5 


36 


3 


- 


3 hours 


Geography 4 


36 


2 


- 


2 hours 


General Science .... 


36 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Bookkeeping 1 


36 


2 


- 


3 hours 


Bookkeeping la . 


36 


1 


- 


\ l A lours 


English Language 12 . 


36 


1 


- 


1 hour 


Physical Education 6 . 


36 


1 


- 


1H hours 


Music 4 


36 


1 


- 


None 


Second Year 










English Language 6 . 
English Language 7 . 


36 
36 


2 
1 


Frequent 
conference 


2 to 3 hours 
W/l hours 


Shorthand 2 


36 


3 


- 


4 hours 


Typewriting 2 


36 


3 


- 


1 hour 


History and Social Science 6 


36 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Arithmetic 3 


36 


2 


- 


3 hours 


Geography 5 


36 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Bookkeeping 2 


36 


3 


- 


4H hours 


Education 4 


36 


3 


- 


3 to 4 hours 


English Language 13 . 


36 


1 


- 


1 hour 


Salesmanship .... 


36 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Music 4 


36 


1 


- 


None 


Third Year 










Business practice under the gen- 
eral supervision of the school 
(see page 16) 




t 







24 



C. Commercial Department — Concluded 





Number of 
Weeks 


Periods Weekly 


OF — 


Name and Number op 
Course 


Recitation 


Laboratory 

or 

Teaching 


Outside 
Preparation 


Fourth Year 










Literature 4 .... 


26 


2 


- 


2 to 3 hours 


Literature 5 .... 


26 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Shorthand 3 


26 


3 


- 


4 hours 


Typewriting 3 . . . . 


26 


3 


- 


2 hours 


History and Social Science 9 


26 


2 


- 


2H hours 


History and Social Science 7 


13 


3 


- 


4 hours 


History and Social Science 8 


13 


3 


_i 


4 hours 


Geography 6 . . . . 


26 


2 


- 


2 hours 


English Language 14 . 


26 


1 


- 


1 hour 


Bookkeeping 3 . 


26 


4 


- 


4H hours 


Education 5 


26 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Music 4 . . 


26 


1 


- 


None 


Education 8 


10 


Entire time 


- 


- 



1 An afternoon every third week for studying a local industry first hand 



Elective for One-year Special Course 





Number of 
Weeks 


Periods Weekly of — 


Name and Number of 
Course 


Recitation 


Laboratory 

or 
Teaching 


Outside 
Preparation 


Shorthand 4 

Shorthand 5 

Typewriting 4 . . . . 

N 

Bookkeeping 4 . 

Bookkeeping 4o . 


36 
36 
36 
36 
36 


5 

1 
5 
2 
2 


- 


8 hours 
1H hours 
2 to 3 hours » 
2 hours 
2 hours 



1 Second half year 



25 

^Courses for elementary school teachers are marked A; for 
intermediate school teachers, B; for commercial teachers, C. 

ENGLISH LANGUAGE 

English Language 1. (A, B) Language lessons and composi- 
tion in the first six grades. Discussion, reading, written work, criticism, 
conference. Miss Learoyd and Miss FitzHugh. 

First year. Two recitations and two to three hours of preparation 
weekly. 

Forms of composition, paragraph, sentence, and correct use of words studied 
intensively to guide students in preparing work for teaching. Emphasis on 
accurate and systematic habits of study and presentation. A portion of year 
devoted to studying and preparing type lessons. 

English Language 2. (A) Teaching of English in the first six 
grades. Discussion, reading, written work, conference. Miss Learoyd. 
Second year. Two recitations and two hours of preparation weekly. 

Definite lesson plans for each grade, illustrating different lines of work: 
practice in adapting stories and other material for use in schools: study of good 
language books and books on the teaching of English. 

Considerable training in criticising the plans of other students and in dis- 
cussing them with the writer and with the teacher. 

English Language 3. (B) Composition. Discussion, reading, 
themes, criticism, conference. Miss Learoyd. 

Second year. Two recitations and two to three hours of preparation 
weekly. 

Discussion of subject-matter and methods of training in use at present: 
selection and organization of material to accomplish definite aims in language 
and composition; a systematic and typical course of lessons worked out for one 
of the upper grades. 

English Language 4. (B) Teaching of English in grades 7 and 8 
and in junior high school. Miss Learoyd. 

Third year. Two recitations and three hours of preparation weekly. 

Aim: to give advanced instruction in English, and training in oral and 
written composition. 

An effort will be made to correlate this training with that of other depart- 
ments, especially in literature, history, education, hygiene, and geography. 

English Language 5. (C) Rhetoric and composition. Themes, 
criticism, dictation, correction of papers, conference. Miss Learoyd. 

First year. Two recitations, one laboratory period, and two hours of 
preparation weekly. 

Study of the paragraph; the sentence (including grammar; words; the study 
of models; oral and written composition; spelling and definition; punctuation 
and capitalization. Aims: clear thinking and effective speech and writing. 



26 

English Language 6. (C) Exposition, description, narration. 
Miss Learoyd. 

Second year. Two recitations and two to three hours of preparation 
weekly, and frequent conferences. 

Collecting and organizing material and presenting it in oral or written form. 
Reading specimens of prose composition; guidance in reading for recreation. 
Many short and frequent long themes; training in securing and holding the 
attention of the class by reading aloud, giving abstracts of stories and of other 
reading, criticism, discussion. Aims: clear, full, and interesting presentation. 

English Language 7. (C) Business English and correspond- 
ence. Miss Brooks. 

Second year. One recitation and one and one-half hours of preparation 
weekly. 

Aim: to give the student a thorough training in business letter-writing. 
The work of the second half year includes also telegrams, cablegrams, postal 
service, and printers' marks. 

English Language 8. (A, B) Methods of teaching reading in the 
first three grades. Miss Rogers. 

First year. Twelve weeks, three recitations, two to three hours of prepa- 
ration, conference, or observation weekly. 

A course dealing with the "learning to read" stage, and phonetics. 

English Language 9. (A, B) Oral reading. Miss Rogers and 

Miss Sperry. 

First year. Two recitations and two hours of preparation weekly. 

Aims: to give students training in oral reading and story telling, and to 
lead them to study, observe, and discuss methods of teaching reading in grades 
4, 5, and 6. 

English Language 10. (A) Practice and methods course in 
penmanship for teachers of the first six grades. Mr. Doner. 
Second year. Two recitations and one hour of preparation weekly. 

Aim: to train students to write well on paper and on the blackboard, in order 
that they may possess the skill required to teach penmanship in the first six 
grades. Demonstration lessons before classes are required which give the student 
confidence and ability to teach. Class discussion of the best methods for secur- 
ing the maximum of results in the minimum of time. 

English Language 11. (B) Practice and methods course in pen- 
manship for teachers in grades 7 and 8 and junior high school. 
Mr. Doner. 

Second year. Two recitations and one hour of preparation weekly. 

Aims and methods as in English Language 10. 



27 

English Language 12. (C) Beginner's course in penmanship, 

Mr. Doner. 

First year. One recitation and one hour of preparation weekly. 

Aim : to develop letter-form and freedom of movement. 

English Language 13. (C) Advanced course in penmanship to 
perfect form and control of movement. Mr. Doner. 

Second year. One recitation and one hour of preparation weekly. 

Training to write well on paper and on the blackboard. 

English Language 14. (C) Methods course in penmanship for 
teachers in commercial departments of high schools and for super- 
visors of penmanship in the grades. Mr. Doner. 

Fourth year. One recitation and one hour of preparation weekly. 

Blackboard writing; pupils required to give demonstration lessons before 
class ; class discussion of the best methods for securing results. 

LITERATURE 

Literature 1. (A, B) Children's literature. Miss Rogers. 
First year. Twenty-four weeks, three recitations and three to four hours 
of preparation or observation weekly. 

Aims: to lead to an acquaintance with and appreciation of subject-matter; 
to give an opportunity to study its use in the first six grades of the elementary 
school ; and to give practice in selecting and organizing material for use in these 
grades. 

Literature 2. (A) Appreciation of literature. Miss Peet. 
Second year. Two recitations and two to three hours of preparation 
weekly. 

This course aims to broaden the student's appreciation of literature and to 
give him help in selecting books for his general reading. Both standard and 
current writers are studied. The topics covered are: the enjoyment of poetry; 
how to tell a good novel; the selection of biographies and other books of inspira- 
tion. Each student chooses his own subject and writes during the year three 
long themes suggested by the main topics of the course. 

Literature 3. (B) Teaching of literature in grades 7 and 8 and 
junior high school. Miss Peet. 

Second year. Two recitations, and two to three hours of preparation 
weekly. 

This course, which takes up methods of classroom work, embraces studies in 
poetry, in popular stories and standard books, together with the means of 
arousing in children an appreciation for literature and of cultivating in them 
the habit of reading good books. 



28 

Literature 4. (C) General literature. Miss Peet. 
Fourth year. Two recitations and two to three hours of preparation 
weekly. Occasional papers. 

Aim: to arouse a keener appreciation and enjoyment of good literature. 
The various literary types are studied with their best representative authors, 
and some attention is given to historical development. Works of authors of 
admitted superiority are used to establish a standard of comparison, and these 
are followed by a study of contemporary writers. 

Literature 5. (C) Commercial literature. Mr. Cushing. 
Fourth year. Two recitations and two hours of preparation weekly. 

A study is made of the best of the current literature that deals with com- 
mercial and industrial conditions and activities. It is believed that some of the 
literature of this field is worthy of developing an appreciation for literature in 
general; at the same time it acquaints the student with the problems, ideals 
and significance of the wide field of commerce, in order that he may become a 
more intelligent high school teacher of commercial subjects. 

Literature 6. (B) Advanced course in teaching literature. Miss 
Peet. 

Third year. Three recitations and from three to four hours of prepara- 
tion weekly. 

This course is for students who wish to specialize in teaching literature in the 
junior high school. It aims to give students a background for the work, and is, 
therefore, largely academic. The subjects covered are: the technique of the 
drama, present tendencies of the theatre, Shakspere for the junior high school; 
the great epics; ballads and other forms of lyrical poetry; some popular prose 
writings; the course of study. 

Literature 7. (B) Studies in literary movements. Miss Peet. 
Third year. Two recitations and two to three hours of preparation 
weekly. 

The aim of this course is not only to make the student familiar with some of 
the great masterpieces of literature, but to deepen his appreciation of signifi- 
cant changes in literary and social ideals. The subjects covered are: the short 
story, from Hawthorne to O. Henry; the development of the English novel, 
from the eighteenth century to the present day; the new poetry in its relation 
to standard forms; current essays. 



ARITHMETIC 

Arithmetic 1. (A, B) Methods of teaching primary arithmetic. 

Miss Peet and Miss Sperry. 

First year. Three recitations and two to three hours of preparation 
weekly. 



29 

This course takes up methods of teaching arithmetic to children in the first 
six grades of the elementary school. Such topics as the following are studied: 
aim of work; development of the idea of number; logical and psychological 
arrangement of subject-matter; outlining topics; preparation of lessons; means 
of securing skill in computing; studies in application. 

Arithmetic 2. (B) Methods of teaching arithmetic in grades 7 
and 8 and junior high school. Miss Peet. 

Second year. Two recitations and one to two hours of preparation 
weekly. 

In this course is given a thorough review of the teaching of the essential 
processes in arithmetic, together with a study of common business and indus- 
trial applications of the subject. 

Arithmetic 4. (B) Teaching arithmetic in grades 7 and 8 and 
the junior high school; advanced course. Miss Peet. 

Third year. Three recitations and two to three hours of preparation 
weekly. 

This course is intended for students who wish to specialize in the teaching of 
arithmetic. It covers the same ground as that of Arithmetic 2, but goes into the 
work more intensively. It lays special emphasis on phases of arithmetic related 
to industries, the study of civics, and to geography. 

Arithmetic 3. (C) Commercial arithmetic, advanced course. 
Miss Brooks. 

Second year. Two recitations and three hours of preparation weekly. 

The course is designed to give a review of elementary principles in arithmetic, 
the application of these principles to commercial work, and methods of handling 
the subject in high schools. 

LIBRARY STUDY 

Library study. (A, B) A course in the technical knowledge and 
use of libraries. Mrs. Blake. 

One-half of first year. One recitation, one laboratory or conference 
period and one hour of preparation weekly. 

Aims: to bring students into close touch with the school library, show its 
resources and train to their efficient use ; to encourage observation and practice 
in the home public library; to develop and foster the right attitude towards 
books and libraries. Topics: decimal classification; arrangement on the library 
shelf; card catalogue; magazine index; book index and table of contents; refer- 
ence books; investigation of a subject in a library; government publications; 
book selection and buying; the general principles of classification and cata- 
loguing; relations between the public library and the public school. 



30 



GEOGRAPHY 

Geography 1. (A, B) Academic and methods course. Mr. Crush- 
ing and Miss Flanders. 

First year. Four recitations, with regular field and laboratory work, 
and four hours of preparation weekly. 

First half year. General course in geography, consisting of a study of soils, 
relief, weather, and climate in relation to people, in the vicinity of Salem and in 
distant lands. Aim : to develop a fund of geographic knowledge that will serve 
as a background for teaching geography in the first six grades. 

Second half year. Methods course to prepare teachers for the first six grades. 
A study is made of the content of home geography, the plan of a course of study, 
methods of developing the subject-matter of geography in the successive grades 
and the use of textbooks, collateral reading and illustrative material. 

Geography 2. (B) Continental geography. Mr. Cushing and 
Miss Flanders. 

Second year. Two recitations and two hours of preparation weekly, 
with occasional field trips. . 

Aim: to prepare teachers for grades 7 and 8 and junior high school. The 
continents are studied to build up a knowledge of their life relations, and to 
illustrate various methods of approach and treatment. The adaptation of meth- 
ods and materials to grades occupies about one-fourth of the course. Acquaint- 
ance is made with all of the modern textbooks, readers and manuals, and with 
other supplementary material. 

Geography 3. (B) Junior high school geography. Mr. Cushing. 

Third year. Five recitations, five hours of preparation, and occasional 
teaching lessons in the training school. Prerequisites, Geography 1 and 
Geography 2. 

Aim: to fit students to become teachers of geography in the upper grades or 
the junior high school. Two courses are outlined and sample portions of their 
content are worked out in detail. One course adapted to the seventh grade or 
seventh and eighth grades deals especially with the geography of the United 
States and Europe. The other course which forms a basis of work is com- 
mercial and industrial geography adapted to the eighth or ninth grade. Much 
"opportune" geography is used and the problem method is emphasized. A 
large part of the work is academic. 

Geography 4. (C) General geography. Mr. Cushing and Miss 
Flanders. 

First year. Two recitations and two hours of preparation weekly. 

Aim: to construct a broad basis for understanding commercial geography. 
A study is made of land and water forms and climate in relation to the activities 
of people in the immediate environment and various portions of the surface of 
the earth. 



31 

Geography 5. (C) Commercial geography. Mr. Cushing and Miss 
Flanders. 

Second year. Two recitations and two hours of preparation weekly; oc- 
casionally an afternoon for the study of actual commercial units, such as 
harbors, railroads and industrial plants. Prerequisite, Geography 4. 

An intensive study is made of the representative conditions and commodities 
of commerce of Salem and Boston and vicinity, with special emphasis upon their 
relation to geographic factors. With this as a basis, world commerce is studied 
with the help of numerous textbooks, general reference books, museum speci- 
mens, pictures, etc. The needs of high school pupils are considered, and courses 
are outlined and methods discussed to meet them. 

Geography 6. (C) Commercial and industrial geography. Mr. 

Cushing. 

Fourth year. Two recitations and two hours of preparation weekly, 
with an afternoon every third week for studying a local industry at first 
hand. 

Aim: to prepare students to become teachers of commercial and industrial 
geography in high schools of New England. A course for high schools is built 
up and discussed, based upon the four fields of commerce and industry: primary 
production, transportation, manufacturing or secondary production, and con- 
sumption. All modern textbooks on the subject are used for reference, and 
various illustrative materials are introduced. The industrial countries are 
particularly studied with especial emphasis upon the United States. Many 
industries are studied by means of motion pictures. 



HISTORY AND SOCIAL SCIENCE 

History and Social Science 1. (A, B) Problems in government 
and methods in teaching history and social science. Miss FitzHugh. 
First year. Two recitations and two hours of preparation weekly. 

First half year. Aim : to bring the student into close contact with the great 
masterpieces of historical writing, and to acquaint the future teacher with the 
material available for making the past real. Reading in the standard histories 
and biographies and in suitable "sources," with discussion of ways of using this 
material in the first six grades; also local history with field trips to places of 
historical interest. 

Second half year. Aim: to create the foundation of knowledge on which 
good citizenship rests and to show how to teach the subject in the first six grades, 
objectively and practically. Observational trips by classes to various public 
buildings, especially the council chamber in the city hall, the polling booths and 
registration rooms, and the court room, are made the basis for textbook lessons. 

History and Social Science 2. (A) American history and methods 
in teaching history and social science. Mr. Allen. 

Second year. Two recitations and two hours of preparation weekly. 



32 

Aim: to prepare teachers for the first six grades of the elementary schools. 
The aims, materials and methods of presentation are examined. Practical 
work in the preparation and criticism of lesson plans; reports and discussions 
of contemporaneous magazine and newspaper articles; presentation of simple 
dramatized scenes from American and European history; observational trips 
to places of historical interest in Salem. 

History and Social Science 3. (B) American history and methods 
in teaching history and social science in grades 7 and 8 and junior 
high school. Miss Jackson. 

Second year. Two recitations and two hours of preparation weekly. 

A study of early American history with related units of general history, 
emphasizing the immediate European background of American history and the 
development of a successful democracy in the new world. Extended collateral 
reading is given to develop the student in historical methods, and the pedagogy 
of history for the intermediate school is begun. 

History and Social Science 4. (B) American history and methods 
in teaching history and social science in grades 7 and 8 and junior 
high school. Miss Jackson. 

Third year. Five recitations and five hours of preparation weekly. 

To give the student a surer grasp of present-day social, economic, and polit- 
ical problems, a more intensive study is made of recent American history and 
government. The growing importance and influence of American democratic 
ideals and institutions in European countries is emphasized. A study of current 
events and of community civics supplements this work. Methods of teaching 
history and social science in the junior high school are continued. 

History and Social Science 5. (C) Economic and industrial 
history of Europe. Miss Jackson. 

First year. Three recitations and three hours of preparation weekly. 

* 

By a survey of the history of Europe from the eve of the Middle Ages to the 
present time an attempt is made to give a basis for the understanding of present 
social, political and economic conditions of modern states, also to trace the 
development of government by the people and its application to the Great War. 

History and Social Science 6. (C) Economic and industrial 
history of the United States. Miss Jackson. 

Second year. Two recitations and two hours of preparation weekly. 

A study is made of the social, political and economic history of the United 
States during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, together with a detailed 
account of the development of a democ-acy in the New World. The aim is to 
bring the student to a realization of the growing importance and influence of 
American democracy throughout the world. 



33 

History and Social Science 7. (C) History of modern com- 
merce. Miss Jackson. 

First half of fourth year. Three recitations and four hours of prepara- 
tion weekly. 

Aim : to promote a proper understanding of the value of commerce to national 
and individual life. The course includes a study of present-day tendencies in 
commerce and allied fields. The laboratory method is used where possible. 

History and Social Science 8. (C) Economics. Contemporary 
economic problems. Miss Jackson. 

Second half of fourth year. Three recitations and four hours of prepara- 
tion weekly. 

A study of economics, based on present-day problems, carried on through 
type studies, current literature, and personal investigation. 

History and Social Science 9. (C) Commercial law. Mr. Tilford. 
Fourth year. Two recitations and two and one-half hours of prepara- 
tion weekly. 

An inductive study of the application of the principles of justice to ordinary 
commercial relationships, aiming to develop a judicial habit of mind in the con- 
sideration of business affairs, and to acquaint the pupil with some of the more 
common requirements of business laws. 



MERCHANDIZING 

Merchandizing. (C) Mr. Tilford. 

Second year. Two recitations and two hours of preparation weekly. 

First half-year, salesmanship. The object of the course is to develop the 
fundamental principles of selling, and to show the application of these prin- 
ciples to business and personal efficiency. 

Second half-year, retail store management. This course analyzes the prob- 
lems met with in the retail store. 

Both courses are supplemented by lectures by active salesmen and sales 
managers. 

MUSIC 

Music 1. (A, B) Elementary music. Mr. Archibald. 
First year. One recitation and one hour of preparation weekly. 

Voice training, music reading, ear training, and writing of symbols used to 
represent the time and tune of music." The subject-matter of this Course is 
practically the work of the first six grades of the elementary school. 



34 

Music 2. (A) Mr. Archibald. 

Second year. One recitation and one hour of preparation weekly. 

Aim: to familiarize the students with the music work of the first six grades, 
and to acquaint them with the best ways of presenting the problems. The child 
voice, song interpretation, and part singing are some of the topics discussed. 
Outlines of the grade work are given and teaching plans of the principal subjects 
are made. Melody writing as a means of illustrating the various problems is 
required. 

Music 3. (B) Mr. Archibald. 

Second year. One recitation and one hour of preparation weekly. 

In addition to the work of Music 2 is required the study of the problems de- 
veloped in three and four part singing, and in the boy's changing voice and its 
development. 

Music 4. (A, B, C) Music appreciation and general singing. 
Mr. Archibald. 

Required of all members of the school. One recitation weekly through- 
out the course. 

Programs of folk songs and dances, art songs and composers are prepared and 
presented by students. The Victrola and pianola are used in this work. During 
the year several concerts and lectures are given by people well known in the 
musical world. Singing of standard choruses. 



EDUCATION 

Education 1. (A, B) Applied psychology and pedagogy. Mr. 
Allen. 

First year. Two recitations and two hours of preparation weekly. 

This course is directed at the central project of the normal school student, — 
that of teaching. The successive problems involved (as suggested by students 
or teacher) are considered in free class discussion, guided by carefully planned 
questions, and based on individual or group thinking, reading, and discussion. 
It is in harmony with child development and social psychology and its applica- 
tions to teaching and control of schools. It includes the study of types of 
lessons and directed observation and report on lessons in the training school. 

Education 2. (A) Pedagogy. Mr. Pitman. 

Second year. One recitation and two hours of preparation weekly. 

General and specific aims of education; discussion of current educational 
problems; school administration, including classroom management; school laws 
of Massachusetts. 



35 

Education 3. (B) Pedagogy. Mr. Allen. 

Third year. Three recitations and three hours of preparation weekly. 

A course intended to summarize and extend the details of educational theory 
and practice from the preceding courses and from the practice teaching. It 
includes the psychology of adolescence and of individual differences; the psy- 
chology of the school subjects of the upper grammar grades and the junior high 
school ; and the technique of scales and standards by means of tests and meas- 
urements made in the training department. 

Education 9. (B) Pedagogy. Mr. Pitman. 

Third year. One recitation and one hour of preparation weekly. 

Contemporaneous problems in elementary education; special investigations 
and reports; school administration. 

Education 4. (C) Elementary psychology. Miss Goldsmith. 
Second year. Three recitations and three to four hours of preparation 
weekly. 

The course aims to give an understanding of the fundamental laws which 
govern mental activity, and, by attention to the processes by means of which 
knowledge is obtained and formulated, to lay a foundation for the course in 
pedagogy. 

Education 5. (C) Pedagogy and its application in commercial 
teaching. Mr. Tilford. 

Fourth year. Two recitations and two hours of preparation weekly. 

A course preparing for the teaching of commercial subjects; general methods 
and methods of teaching the special subjects, covering briefly the history, func- 
tion and scope of commercial training in the high school. 

Education 6. (A) Practice teaching. 
Second year. Ten weeks, thirty periods weekly. 

Education 7. (B) Practice teaching. 

Second and third year. Ten weeks, thirty periods weekly. 

Education 8. (C) Practice teaching. 
Fourth year. Ten weeks, thirty periods weekly. 



PRACTICAL ARTS AND FINE ARTS 

Practical Arts 1. (A, B) A course dealing with simple projects 
in industrial arts. Mr. Whitney and Miss Burnham. 

One-half of first year. Two recitations and one hour of preparation 
weekly. 



36 

Aims: to train teachers for the first six grades of elementary schools along 
practical and industrial lines; to give the ability to make, read and apply simple 
structural drawings and patterns; to use simple hand tools; and to apply this 
knowledge to other studies in the curriculum. There is frequent observation of 
the work in the training school, visits to shops, gardens, etc. 

Fine Arts 1. (A, B) A course in drawing, color, design and art 
appreciation. Mr. Whitney and Miss Burnham. 

One-half of first year. Two recitations and one hour of preparation 
weekly. 

The course is designed to create and foster a knowledge and appreciation of 
art. There is frequent observation of teaching and methods in the training 
school. The illustrative work is closely related to other studies in the curriculum. 
A general review of work experienced or observed in the public schools is in- 
cluded. 

Practical Arts 2. (A) A course dealing with elementary projects 
in bookbinding, pottery, weaving, etc. Mr. Whitney. 

One-half of second year. Three recitations and two hours of prepara- 
tion weekly. \ 

As in the previous course the aims are: the ability to make, read and apply 
structural drawings and patterns to the actual construction of simple projects; 
the ability to teach such work in the first six grades in the elementary schools; 
to appreciate purpose and fitness and good structural design ; and to apply these 
to all industrial work. 

Fine Arts 2. (A) A course in drawing, color, design, art appre- 
ciation and methods of teaching. Mr. Whitney. 

One-half of second year. Three recitations and two hours of prepara- 
tion weekly. 

Aims: to prepare teachers for the first six grades of elementary schools and 
to cultivate taste and art appreciation. Courses of study are planned and 
methods of teaching are studied and applied in the actual work in the training 
school. Blackboard sketching is applied in other studies in the curriculum. 

Practical Arts 3. (B) Mr. Whitney. 

One-half of second year. Three recitations and two hours of prepara- 
tion weekly. 

A continuation of Practical Arts 2, consisting of more advanced projects, 
adapted to the junior high school; observation and practice in sewing, modeling 
and gardening for the women; and in printing, woodworking and gardening 
for the men. 

Fine Arts 3. (B) Mr. Whitney. 

One-half of second year. Three recitations and two hours of prepara- 
tion weekly. 






o 
CD 

o 

H 







37 

This course includes harmonics of color to be applied to school projects, the 
interior of the schoolroom or home; plans and color schemes for flower gardens, 
etc.; decorative and applied design; pictorial drawing involving principles of 
foreshortening and convergence; picture study; nature drawing; and black- 
board sketching. 

Practical Arts 4. (B) Intended to familiarize the pupil with the 
courses of study, methods and demands made upon teachers in 
grades 7 and 8 and the junior high school. Mr. Whitney. 

One-half of third year. Five recitations or shop periods and two hours 
of preparation weekly. 

Observation and practice in mechanical drawing, projection, and develop- 
ment; bookbinding, weaving, modeling, printing, and elementary woodworking. 
The school and home gardens are planned, drawings made to scale, and the 
color schemes applied. 

Fine Arts 4. (B) Methods and practice for students preparing 
to teach in grades 7 and 8 and the junior high school. Mr. Whitney. 

One-half of third year. Five recitations and two hours of preparation 
weekly. 

Aims: to offer a general survey of the history of architecture, sculpture and 
painting; to familiarize the pupils with the work required in the higher grades 
along the lines of drawing, applied design, nature work, etc. The course com- 
prises the preparation and dyeing of papers, reeds and fabrics for the work in 
practical arts; the making and application of good designs in form and decora- 
tion; the drawing of trees, plants and details studied in the nature course; and 
the drawing of simple objects and groups in outline, mass and color. The major 
part of the course is devoted to definite school projects, methods and practice 
teaching. 

Practical Arts 5. (A) Gardening 1. Miss Goldsmith. 
Second year. Constitutes the work in nature study for the spring 
months. 

Aim: to give practical experience in garden work and acquaint the student 
with methods and devices for carrying on school and home gardens. 

Practical Arts 7. (B) Gardening 2. Miss Goldsmith. 
Second year. Constitutes the work in nature study for the spring 
months. 

Fulfills practically the same conditions as Practical Arts 5 (A), except that 
special attention is given to kinds of work required in grammar grades or the 
junior high school. 



38 

Practical Arts 6. (B) Industrial projects. Mr. Stockwell. 

A garden, comprising half an acre, is worked on the community basis, and is 
planted entirely to vegetables, which are sold to families living in the vicinity of 
the school and to local dealers. This garden is planted, cared for, and the prod- 
ucts harvested and marketed, by the boys of the seventh and eighth grades. 
Normal school students observe and assist in this work. 

There is also opportunity for a limited number of students to receive instruc- 
tion in both woodworking and printing. These courses are elective and are 
given out of regular hours. 

Practical Arts 8. (B) Cooking and sewing. Miss Bkeitzke. 

The cooking course is designed to give a general knowledge of the principles 
of cooking, food values, preparation of foods, and serving of simple meals. 

The purpose of the sewing course is to teach the student practical applica- 
tion of hand and machine sewing in making simple garments. 

These courses are elective and are given out of regular hours. 



PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

Physical Education 1. (A, B) Physical training. Miss Warren 
and Miss Burnham. 

First year. Two periods weekly. 

This course is designed to improve the physical condition of the student. It 
includes plays and games and methods of teaching them, with emphasis on the 
learning of the games and playing them. Folk dancing and corrective exercises 
are important features of the work. 

Physical Education 2. (A) Physical training. Miss Warren. 
Second year. Two periods weekly. 

This course aims to prepare the student to teach such exercises as may be 
used in the first six grades of the elementary schools, as story plays, folk 
dancing and both outdoor and indoor games. 

Physical Education 3. (B) Physical training. Miss Warren. 
Second year. Two periods weekly. 

Teaching lessons in folk dancing and games suitable for upper grades are pre- 
pared by the students. Some time is devoted to formal gymnastic work. Op- 
portunities to supervise groups of children in the playground and in the gym- 
nasium and to do some corrective work are utilized. 

Physical Education 4. (A) General hygiene. Miss Warren. 
Second year. Two recitations and two hours of preparation weekly. 

Discussion of methods frequently takes the place of the recitation. The 
teaching of hygiene in a normal school has a twofold purpose, — to help the 



39 

student to realize how he may maintain in his own body the highest possible 
working efficiency, and to train him to present the subject to children in such a 
manner as to bring about a marked improvement in their standard of health. 

Physical Education 6. (B) Hygiene and sanitation. Mr. Whit- 
man. 

Third year. Two recitations and two hours of preparation weekly. 

Aim: to train students to present those phases of hygiene and sanitation 
which can best be understood by pupils in the upper grammar grades. Em- 
phasis is placed upon public health problems, as milk and water supply, housing, 
sewage disposal and infectious diseases. Attention is also given to the intelligent 
treatment of emergency cases. 

Physical Education 6. (C) Personal hygiene. Miss Warren. 
First year. One recitation and one and one-half hours of preparation 
weekly. 

The purpose of the course is to aid the student to form right habits of living, 
and to furnish accurate knowledge of social hygiene, including personal, family, 
city, state and industrial hygiene. 



SCIENCE 

Nature Study. (A) Miss Goldsmith. 

Second year. Four recitations and four to five hours of preparation 
weekly. 

Occasional papers. Laboratory work given in place of regular preparation or 
recitation at the discretion of the instructor. The course is intended to give 
first-hand, working knowledge of the plants and animals of the locality and 
fit the students to teach nature study in the first six grades. Birds, insects, 
common mammals, trees, flowers, fruits, seeds, and germination are among 
the subjects taken. Soils, tillage and fertilizers are studied as an introduction 
to garden work. Project work is done in as far as it seems practical under 
present conditions. 

(See Practical Arts 5 (A)). 

Biological Science 1. (B) Miss Goldsmith. 

Second year. Four recitations and four to five hours of preparation 
weekly. 

A course intended to prepare students to teach in the seventh and eighth 
grades or the junior high school. Field work is done as long as the season per- 
mits, and laboratory work during the winter. Project work is carried on through- 
out the year. Students are made familiar with the plant and animal life common 
to the community, particular attention being given to the economic aspects. 
Occasional papers. 

(See Practical Arts 7 (B)). 



40 

Biological Science 2. (B) Miss Goldsmith. 

Third year. Four recitations and four to five hours of preparation 
weekly. 

. The course is a continuation of Biological Science 1, and consists of recitations, 
laboratory and field work, discussions and presentations by the students, with 
occasional papers. Special emphasis is laid on research work and field trips, 
and the correlation with other branches of study such as civics, geography, 
English, and physical science. The consideration of such larger topics as 
forestry, the natural resources of a community, etc., form an important part 
of the work. Gardening occupies practically all of the spring term. 

Physical Science 1. (A) Mr. Whitman. 

Second year. Two recitations and two hours of preparation weekly. 

The course is intended to afford a broad outlook over the field of general 
science, and an insight into the ways in which science is useful to man. Students 
report to the class the results of their own individual study. The project method 
is employed. The library offers a good supply of science books and periodicals. 
Laboratories and apparatus are available for students to pursue their projects 
experimentally. Students are encouraged to demonstrate before the class with 
apparatus. Reports on excursions to study practical applications of science in 
the arts and industries are made by individual students. 

It is recommended that students put the major part of their time upon those 
science projects which are of special interest to them, or which they have ex- 
ceptional opportunities to study. The natural interest of different individuals 
will, when brought together, give a course which covers the home, the school, 
public utilities, industries, and the world of nature. The course is determined 
largely by the students' interests and environment. 

Physical Science 2. (B) Mr. Whitman. 

Second year. Two recitations and two hours of preparation weekly. 

The general plan of this course is like that of Physical Science 1, but the 
projects chosen for work are in the main those which would interest and be of 
value to pupils in the seventh and eighth grades. The projects are treated, 
however, from the adult viewpoint. Both demonstration work and the prep- 
aration of charts useful *n teaching are required of each student. 

Physical Science 3. (B) Mr. Whitman. 

Third year. Five recitations and five hours of preparation weekly. 

This course is chiefly of a professional nature. The students prepare lessons 
suitable for the seventh and eighth grades, and have some practice teaching 
in the training school and in other schools with which the normal school is 
affiliated. Students are expected to prepare a personal equipment consisting 
of charts, a collection of pictures, and other teaching devices. The chief aim 
of the course is to find for general science the same useful place in the grades 
that has already been established for nature study. 



41 

General Science. (C) Mr. Whitman. 

First year. Two recitations and two hours of preparation weekly. 

A study of general science in its relations to the arts and industries, particu- 
larly those within the immediate environment of the students. Frequent 
excursions, investigations and reports. The course is closely related to that in 
industrial geography. 

SHORTHAND 

Shorthand 1. (C) Pitman (American Phonography). Intro- 
ductory course. Miss Rollinson. 

First year. Four recitations and five hours of preparation weekly. 

• 

Principles of the system are mastered, keeping in view the professional side. 
Dictation is a prominent feature of the work from the beginning of the course, so 
a fair amount of speed in new matter is acquired. 

Shorthand 2. (C) Pitman (American Phonography). Advanced 
course. Miss Rollinson. 

Second year. Two recitations and three and one-half hours of prepara- 
tion weekly. 

Principles are reviewed thoroughly, speed work is continued, and classics, 
which are printed in shorthand, are read and studied. 

Shorthand 3. (C) Pitman (American Phonography). Methods 
course. Miss Rollinson. 

Fourth year. Three recitations and four hours of preparation weekly. 

Aim: to present the best methods of teaching shorthand. This includes a 
study of pedagogical books on the subject of shorthand, observation teaching, 
plan work and training. Comparison of texts and systems also enters into this 
course. 

Shorthand 4. (C) Pitman (American Phonography). Miss 
Rollinson. For special students who are admitted to a one-year course. 
Five recitations and eight hours of preparation weekly. 

A brief yet comprehensive course in shorthand, including a thorough training 
in the principles of the system, a moderate amount of dictation, and methods to 
be employed in the presentation of principles and in the handling of speed work. 

Shorthand 5. (C) Gregg. Miss Rollinson. Elective for students 
who have completed a course in Gregg shorthand prior to entrance to the 
normal school, and for students who have satisfactorily completed the 
prescribed Pitmanic course. 

One recitation and one and one-half hours of preparation weekly. The 
course consists of a review of principles with the professional idea in mind, speed 
dictation and method work. 



42 



STENOTYPY 

Stenotypy. (C) Miss Brooks. Elective for first and fourth years. 
Two recitations and two hours of preparation weekly. 

A course covering the entire theory work of stenotypy may be taken in 
one year. Upon the completion of this course, a student will receive a teacher's 
diploma in the subject, issued by the instruction department of the Stenotype 
Company and endorsed by this school. 



OFFICE TRAINING 

Stenographic office training. (C) Miss Rollinson. 

Second year. Two recitations with two hours of preparation weekly. 

The shorthand and typewriting are merged into an office training course, 
consisting of stenographic work, typewriting, filing, cataloguing, multigraph- 
ing, stenciling, operating modern office appliances, office routine, etc. 



TYPEWRITING 

Typewriting 1. (C) Foundation course for beginners. Miss 
Brooks. 

First year. Four laboratory periods weekly. 

Aim: to make of each student an accurate touch operator by giving a thor- 
ough knowledge of the keyboard and of the use of the various parts of the 
machine, and by teaching him to write rhythmically. During the last quarter 
accuracy tests are given. 

Typewriting 2. (C) Advanced course. Miss Rollinson. 
Second year. Two laboratory periods and one hour of preparation 
weekly. 

Letter arrangement, tabulation, legal work, specifications, etc. Special atten- 
tion is given to speed work and transcription from shorthand notes. 

Typewriting 3. (C) Methods course. Miss Brooks. 
Fourth year. Three periods, recitation and laboratory, and two hours 
of preparation weekly. 

This course discusses the work of Typewriting 1 and Typewriting 2 from the 
professional viewpoint. General methods are considered; textbooks are exam- 
ined and criticized; courses of study, adapted to different groups of students, 
are planned. 



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m 

70 



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o 




43 

Typewriting 4. (C) Miss Brooks. 

For special students who are admitted to a one-year course. Five 
periods, laboratory and recitation, and two to three hours of preparation 
during the second half-year. 

This course covers the work of Typewriting 1, 2 and 3, and is so planned as 
to make it possible for either a beginner or an advanced student to complete 
the required amount of work in one year. 

Typewriting 5. (B) Miss Brooks. 

For junior high school teachers. Five laboratory periods and two hours 
of preparation weekly. 

The aim of this course is to give the student sufficient practice in the use of 
the machine to acquaint him with the work usually done by junior high school 
classes in typewriting. It deals also with methods to be used with younger 
pupils. 

BOOKKEEPING 

Bookkeeping 1. (C) Introductory course. Miss Rollinson. 
First year. Two recitations and three hours of preparation weekly 
(taken in conjunction with Bookkeeping la). 

Aim : to teach elementary principles and bookkeeping routine. 

Bookkeeping la. (C) Principles of accounts. Mr. Tilford. 
First year. One recitation and one and one-half hours of preparation 
weekly (taken in conjunction with Bookkeeping 1). 

The course develops the principles of debit and credit, various expedients for 
recording transactions, theory and purpose of the account, and instructs the 
pupil in the formulation of the usual business statements. 

Bookkeeping 2. (C) Advanced course. Mr. Tilford. 
Second year. Three recitations and four and one-half hours of prepara- 
tion weekly. 

Special attention is given to principles underlying the construction of accounts 
and their classifications, and the preparation and interpretation of business 
statements to show condition and progress of the business. The application of 
accounts to varied lines of work undertaken, elements of cost accounting and 
variations due to form of organization are studied. 

Bookkeeping 3. (C) Elementary accounting. Mr. Tilford. 
Fourth year. Four recitations and four and one-half hours of prepara- 
tion weekly. 

Comprehensive study of balance sheets and statements of various kinds; 
detailed consideration of assets and liabilities, depreciation, reserves, surplus, 



u 

capital and revenue expenditures, statements of affairs, deficiency account, 
realization and liquidation statements; also, study of accounts of nontrading 
concerns, as societies, clubs, etc. The course closes with instruction in methods 
of teaching bookkeeping in high schools. 

Bookkeeping 4. (C) Elementary bookkeeping and methods of 
teaching. 

For special students who are admitted to a one-year course. Two reci- 
tations and two hours of preparation weekly (taken in conjunction with 
Bookkeeping 4a). 

A course combining instruction in bookkeeping principles and practice with 
instruction in methods of presentation in high schools. 

Bookkeeping 4a. (C) Theory of accounts. Mr. Tilford. 

For special students who are admitted to a one-year course. Two reci- 
tations and two hours of preparation weekly (taken in conjunction with 
Bookkeeping 4). 

Similar to Bookkeeping la, but the maturity of the pupil and additional 
time permit of more extended and comprehensive work. 

Bookkeeping 5. (B) Mr. Tilford. 

Junior high school bookkeeping and penmanship. Five recitations and 
five hours of preparation weekly. 

The aims of the course are to give the pupil an understanding of the pur- 
poses and importance of ordinary business records and commercial paper; to 
develop the principles of debit and credit; to explain the expedients for 
recording various business transactions; to show the purposes of the different 
ledger accounts; to instruct the pupil in the formulation of the usual state- 
ments; and to give instruction in the methods of teaching bookkeeping and 
business forms in the junior high school. 

LECTURES AND CONCERTS 

The regular courses of instruction are supplemented and 
enriched by lectures and concerts which are given frequently 
throughout each year. Following is the program for 1918— 
1919: — 

Concert . . . . . Glee clubs of Framingham and 

Salem Normal Schools 

Memorial Day address . . . Rev. Robert Atkinson 

Commencement address: The doctrine 

of leading one's own life . . . Dr. LeBaron R. Briggs 

Reading: War poems .... Rev. Edward D. Johnson 

Educational measurements . . . Mr. Arthur W. Kallom 



45 



The origin of design 
Reading: War poems . 
Abraham Lincoln 
The perils of a premature peace 
Experiences in German prisons 
The future of democracy 
Americanization . 



Professor Walter Sargent 
Mr. Clarence A. Brodeur 
Mr. Lawrence V. Roth 
Dr. Isaac J. Lansing 
Lieut. Harold Willis 
Mr. Edward Howard Griggs 
Mr. Charles F. Towne 



Picture Exhibitions and Lectures 

For several years the school has been utilizing the reflecto- 
scope, the stereopticon, and the motion-picture machine to at- 
tain educational ends. Nearly every subject taught in the 
school is served by these pictures. The fields of geography 
are particularly well covered. Talks on the pictures as they 
are shown are given usually by members of the faculty, but 
occasionally they are given by students or lecturers from out- 
side the school. 

THE MUSICAL CLUBS 

A glee club, selected by competition, rehearses weekly, sings 
at various entertainments of the school, and gives an annual 
concert. An orchestra of stringed instruments is also one of 
the musical activities of the school. 

Tickets for the concerts of the Boston Symphony Orchestra 
are obtained for students upon application. 

THE COMMERCIAL CLUB 

The Fen Club, organized by the members of the senior class 
of the commercial department three years ago, is now under 
process of reconstruction. The scope of its work is being 
broadened and its membership enlarged. The aim of the club 
is twofold: to consider any commercial or professional subject 
that may add to the general information of its members; and 
to form a connecting link between the school and the alumni. 

THE DRAMATIC CLUB 

The dramatic club provides occasional entertainments for 
the school and its friends. It is under the management of 
Group I. of the intermediate senior class, but is open to all 



46 

members of the senior and intermediate classes who are inter- 
ested in dramatic work. The purposes of the club are to make 
itself familiar with good plays suitable for amateur production; 
to attend the better class of dramas given in Boston; and to 
promote a social spirit in the school. 

THE ART CLUB 

The art club is an organization comprised of pupils of the 
school who desire to pursue the study of art to a more ad- 
vanced degree than the art courses permit. At the regular 
meetings work is done along industrial lines, which also in- 
cludes more or less of the fine arts. There are walks for the 
study of various types of architecture; visits to the Museum 
of Fine Arts and studios in Boston; and papers by the mem- 
bers of the club. A course of eight lectures has been arranged 
for this season. 

THE BIRD CLUB 

This club is organized by .the seniors, but is open to other 
members of the school who are particularly interested in bird 
study. Field trips and personal observations are the most 
important activities, but in addition, feeders for winter use, 
nesting boxes and shelters are made and lectures are given. 
Regular meetings are held once in two weeks. 

THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SCHOOL 

Students in a school for the professional training of teachers 
should be self-governing in the full sense of the term. Each 
student is allowed and is encouraged to exercise the largest 
degree of personal liberty consistent with the rights of others. 
The teachers aim to be friends and leaders. They do not 
withhold advice, admonition and reproof, when needed; but 
their relations in these respects are usually with individuals 
instead of with classes, and are of the most helpful and gen- 
erous nature. Those students who, after full and patient trial, 
are found unable to exercise self-control and unworthy of con- 
fidence, are presumed to be unfit or unlikely to become sue- 



47 

cessful teachers, and will be removed from the school. Others, 
also, who through no fault of their own, but in consequence of 
conspicuous inaptitude, or physical or mental deficiencies, are 
unfit for the work of teaching, will be advised to withdraw, 
and will not be graduated. 

Many matters pertaining to the general welfare of the school 
are referred for consideration to the school council. This is a 
representative body, consisting of the principal, the dean of 
women, and two other members of the faculty, and members 
chosen by each of the several classes. Thus the students, 
through their representatives, have a voice in the management 
of the school, and also assume their share of the responsibility 
for its success. 

Regulations 

1. Regular and prompt attendance at all sessions of the 
school is expected of every student. Those who find it neces- 
sary to be absent for more than a single day should so inform 
the principal. For all avoidable absence — including that for 
teaching as substitutes — the permission of the principal or 
dean of women must be obtained in advance. 

2. Students who are withdrawing from the school must 
inform the principal of their decision, and must return all the 
books and other property of the school which are charged to 
them. Those who fail to do so promptly must not expect any 
recommendation or indorsement from the school. 

3. Any property of the school which is lost or seriously 
injured by students must be paid for by them. 

4. Although the school has no dormitories, it recommends 
to students who are to live away from their homes several 
houses in Salem where board and room may be obtained at 
reasonable prices. These houses, in addition to being suitable 
in other respects as homes for students, meet the following 
conditions which are prescribed by the State Board of Edu- 
cation: They receive no boarders other than students and 
instructors of the normal school; the same house does not 
receive both men and women students ; the number of students 
in each house is limited to a small family group. 



48 

All students who board away from their homes during their 
membership in the school are required to live in the houses 
recommended by the school. Exceptions to this rule are made 
only for those whose parents wish them to live with relatives 
or intimate personal friends ; but in such cases the parents must 
first inform the principal of the school of the circumstances, 
in writing, and receive his approval. No final arrangement 
for board or room may be made without the previous consent 
of the principal. No change in boarding place may be made 
by any student without the previous consent of the principal. 

Students living in groups in approved houses are expected 
to form habits which are to the advantage of their own work 
and that of their companions. The hours from seven to nine- 
thirty in the evening should be observed as a period of study. 
Except under unusual conditions, lights should be out by ten 
o'clock. If students find it necessary, for any reason, to be 
absent from the house for an evening they should inform their 
landladies of their plans. Boarding students may not be ab- 
sent from the city over night without the consent of the 
principal or dean of women. 

Those persons who receive our students into their homes 
must, of necessity, assume responsibility for their conduct in 
the same measure as would be required of teachers or matrons 
in charge of school dormitories. They are therefore expected 
to report to the principal any impropriety of conduct on the 
part of students which ought to be known by him, or any 
behavior of theirs which would be considered improper in a 
well-regulated dormitory. 

Expenses, Aid, Loan Funds 

Expenses. — Tuition is free to all residents of Massachusetts 
who declare their intention to teach in the schools of this 
Commonwealth. Students admitted from other States are 
required to pay a tuition fee of fifty dollars per year, of which 
sum one-half is due September 10 and the other half Febru- 
ary 1. Textbooks and supplies are free, as in the public 
schools. Articles used in school work which students desire to 



49 

own will be furnished at cost. The expense of board for two 
students rooming together, within easy distance of the school, 
is from six dollars each per week upward. 

School Restaurant. — A restaurant is maintained in the build- 
ing, in which is served at noon each school day a good variety 
of wholesome and attractive food at very reasonable prices. 

State Aid. — To assist those students, residents of Massa- 
chusetts, who find it difficult to meet the expenses of the 
course, pecuniary aid is furnished by the State to a limited 
extent. Applications for this aid must be made in writing to 
the principal, and must be accompanied by such evidence as 
shall satisfy him that the applicant needs assistance. This 
aid, however, is not furnished during the first half year of 
attendance at the school. 

Loan Funds. — Through the generosity of members of the 
faculty and graduates of the school several funds have been 
established, all of which, by vote of the Salem Normal School 
Association, are administered by the principal as loan funds. 
Students may thus borrow reasonable sums of money with 
which to meet their expenses during their connection with the 
school, and payment may be made at their convenience, after 
they have secured positions as teachers. 

Besides the Students' Benefit Fund are other funds, founded 
by graduates of the school as memorials to Dr. Richard G. 
Edwards, principal from 1854 to 1857; to Professor Alpheus 
Crosby, principal from 1857 to 1865; to Dr. Daniel B. Hagar, 
principal from 1865 to 1895; and to Dr. Walter P. Beckwith, 
principal from 1895 to 1905. The total amount of money now 
available is about four thousand dollars. The principal will 
gladly receive and credit to any of the above funds such con- 
tributions as graduates and friends of the school may be dis- 
posed to make. Frequently a little timely financial aid from 
this source may save to the profession an efficient teacher. 

The classes of 1915, 1917 and 1918 have each presented to 
the school a Liberty Bond of one hundred dollars. 



50 



Employment for Graduates 

Although the first effect of the war has been to attract 
young people to other vocations more remunerative and less 
exacting than teaching, the resulting scarcity of adequately 
trained teachers and the renewed realization of the impor- 
tance of this profession have brought about a rather remark- 
able increase in salaries and in opportunity to do work of 
a nature that appeals to men and women of abilit^^ and 
ambition. The fresh interest in many lines of educational 
work excited by the experiences of the war, together with a 
financial compensation which makes possible continued growth 
by study in higher institutions, combine to make the pro- 
fession more interesting and attractive than it has ever been 
before. The necessity for wages that will command persons of 
originality, initiative, and progressive spirit has been recog- 
nized, not only by towns and cities, but by the Legislature, 
which last year passed a bill requiring the State certification 
of teachers, and fixing a minimum salary of five hundred 
fifty dollars which its committee on education has this year 
recommended be increased to six hundred fifty dollars, with 
aid from the State for those communities which are unable 
alone to meet the additional expense. The same committee 
has recommended the more general establishment of junior 
high schools, thus increasing the demand for teachers trained 
as specialists in both the subject-matter and the methods 
of this school. In all departments, but especially in the 
junior high school and the commercial department of the 
secondary school, there has been, during the last year, an un- 
precedented demand for trained instructors at higher salaries 
than have ever before been offered in Massachusetts. The 
principal is constantly called upon to recommend teachers for 
desirable positions. Correct information from the alumni 
regarding changes in their positions and salaries is of the 
greatest importance to them in securing, through the school, 
opportunities for professional advancement. The co-operation 
of 'school officials in keeping the principal informed as to the 
success of the graduates is greatly appreciated by him. 



51 



Scholarships for Graduates 

There are offered at Harvard University four scholarships, 
each of an annual value of one hundred fifty dollars, for the 
benefit of students in Harvard College who are graduates of 
any reputable normal school in the United States. 

Practically all New England colleges give suitable credit for 
courses taken in this school. Teachers College, also, is liberal 
in its attitude towards the graduates who go there for ad- 
vanced professional study. 

Notices to School Officials 

All interested persons, especially those connected in any way 
with educational work, are cordially invited to visit the school, 
to inspect the buildings and equipment, or to attend the exer- 
cises in its classrooms or training schools at any time and 
without ceremony. The office is open throughout the sum- 
mer vacation. 

Superintendents and other school officials are requested to 
send to the school copies of their reports, courses of study and 
other publications of common interest. The courtesy will be 
appreciated and reciprocated. 

GENERAL INFORMATION 
Historical Sketch 

The State Normal School at Salem was opened to students 
September 12, 1854. It was the fourth normal school estab- 
lished by the State of Massachusetts. Its first building stood 
at the corner of Broad and Summer streets. This was en- 
larged and improved in 1860, and again in 1871. After 
twenty-five years the accommodations proved inadequate to 
meet the increased demands made upon modern normal schools, 
and an appropriation was made by the Legislature for a new 
building, which was first occupied by the school December 
2, 1896. A new training school building was occupied for the 
first time December 2, 1913. The site, buildings and equip- 



52 

ment represent a value of approximately seven hundred fifty 
thousand dollars, and it is believed that the Commonwealth 
here possesses an educational plant as complete and convenient 
as any of its kind in this country. 

Decorations 

It is generally conceded that no building or schoolroom is 
finished or furnished which lacks beautiful and artistic decora- 
tions, not only because these objects are beautiful in them- 
selves, but because of their refining and educative value. 
There is a silent influence resulting from the companionship 
of good pictures or casts, elevating the thought, and creating 
a dislike for the common, ugly, and inferior type of decoration 
so often seen. The school has many pictures and casts, the 
gifts of the students, the faculty, and other friends of the 
school. All these have been selected with great care and 
artistic judgment, so that the whole is harmonious. 

The Teachers and Students 

The school during its history has had five principals and 
one hundred five assistant teachers. The development of 
the practice schools began in 1897, and with them seventy 
persons have been connected as teachers. Twenty-one teach- 
ers are now required in the normal school and fifteen in the 
training schools. 

Seventy-three hundred students have attended the school. 

The Location and Attractions of Salem 

No place in northeastern Massachusetts is more easily ac- 
cessible than Salem. It is on the main line of the eastern 
division of the Boston and Maine Railroad system, connecting 
with the Saugus branch at Lynn. A branch road to Wake- 
field Junction connects the city with the western division. 
There is direct communication with Lowell, Lawrence, Haver- 
hill, Rockport and Marblehead. Trains are frequent and con- 
venient. Salem is also the center of an extensive network of 



53 

electric railways. Students coming daily to Salem on Boston 
and Maine trains can obtain season tickets at greatly reduced 
rates. Trains on the Marblehead branch stop at Loring Ave- 
nue, on signal, and many students find it more convenient 
to purchase their season tickets to that station. 

Salem is the center of many interesting historical associa- 
tions, and within easy reach are the scenes of more important 
and stirring events than can be found in any other equal area 
of our country. The scenery, both of seashore and country, 
in the neighborhood, is exceedingly attractive. There are 
many libraries, besides the free public library, and curious and 
instructive collections belonging to various literary and anti- 
quarian organizations, to which access may be obtained with- 
out expense. Lectures are frequent and inexpensive. The 
churches of the city represent all the religious denominations 
that are common in New England. 



54 



Register of Students 
1918=1919 



Graduates, — Class CIV, — June 18, 1918 



Elementary 

Agnew, Gertrude Mary 
Anderson, Hilda Amelia 
Anderson, Madeline Ingegerd 
Beers, Marjorie Johnson 
Binsky, Jennie Edith . 
Boomhover, Eleanor Smith 
Bower, Helen Dorothy 
Bower, Merle Phyllis . 
Bresnahan, Agnes Theresa . 
Brown, Dorothy Hazel 
Brown, Edith May 
Brown, Helen Frances . 
Brown, Maude 
Browne, Patience Frances . 
Bryant, Vilma . . / 
Carr, Isabelle Rose 
Cavanaugh, Grace Catherine 
Cherbuy, Mary Frances 
Christian, Elsa Townshend 
Cottle, Grace Hilda 
Cox, Lillian Burt . 
Craig, Florence Louise 
Davey, Mary Gertrude 
Donovan, Ruth Elizabeth . 
Dow, Marion Horton . 
Dowling, Grace Catherine . 
Ellis, Mary Elizabeth . 
Erwin, Mary Mildred . 
Fox, Mary Christina . 



Department 



Lynn 

Cambridge 

Lynn 

Somerville 

Chelsea 

Middleton 

Methuen 

Methuen 

Lynn 

Gloucester 

Gloucester 

Methuen 

Maiden 

Medford 

Roslindale 

Charlestown 

Lynn 

Lynn 

Lynn 

Salem 

Melrose Highlands 

Lynn 

Salem 

Salem 

Xewburyport 

Beverly 

Peabody 

Gloucester 

Somerville 



55 



Fuller, Grace Ethelyn . 






. Middleton 


Garvey, Frances Mary 






. Gloucester 


Glass, Lucie Isabel 






. Lynn 


Glidden, Grace Packard 






. Beverly 


Gold, Anna Lillian 






. Salem 


Goldman, Deborah 






. Maiden 


Griffin, Margaret Teresa 






. Salem 


Howard, Grace Eleanor 






. Lynn 


Humphrey, Ruth Abbie 






. Salem 


Kelleher, Annie Marie . 






. Maiden 


Lamb, Margaret Veronica 






. Somerville 


Lawlor, Annie Cecilia . 






. Danvers 


Leary, Norah Helen 






. Newburyport 


Libbey, Alice Adelaide 






. Somerville 


Love well, Dorothy Sandt 






. Arlington 


Mack, Marion Hannan 






. Salem 


MacLean, Irene White 






. Revere 


McCarthy, Mary Teresa 






. Charlestown 


McDonald, Maude Agnes 






. Peabody 


McKenna, Rose Boles . 






. Salem 


McLaughlin, Alice Claire 






. Winter Hill 


McLaughlin, Mary Agnes . 






. Everett 


Mitchell, Grace Henderson 






. Lynn 


Mitchell, Gladys Lillian 






. Lynn 


Neale, Doris Evelyn 






. Cliftondale 


Nelson, Emma Cecilia . 






. Beverly 


Newman, Florence Tillie 






. Haverhill 


Norie, Frances Irene . 






. Manchester 


O'Donnell, Gertrude 






. Lynn 


Ordway, Agnes Gertrude 






. Beverly 


Pedrick, Beatrice Woodbury 






. Rowley 


Perron, Angela Marie . 






. Somerville 


Perry, Sadie Emily 






. Revere 


Porter, Laura lies 






. Beverly 


Rafferty, Evelyn Teresa 






. Lynn 


Robinson, Alice Folsom 






. West Newbury 


Ryan, Esther Elizabeth 






. Everett 


Saunders, Gertrude Elizabet 


h . 




. Gloucester 


Scott, Catherine Elizabeth . 






. Cambridge 


Shea, Anna Theresa 






. Cambridge 


Sjoberg, Bertha Theodora . 






. Everett 



56 



Steutermann, Marjorie Gertrude 
Stromdahl, Ethel Florence 
Tassinari, Alice Augusta 
Twohig, Evelyn Margaret 
Welch, Florence Marie 
Williams, Margaret Marie 



Danvers Highlands 

LjTin 

Somerville 

Cambridge 

Salem 

Salem 



Intermediate Department 



Barnes, Nellie Rebecca 
Barstow, Hazel Emma 
Buckley, Alice Mary Margaret 
Carroll, Esther Stanislaus . 
Cook, Beatrice Latham 
Crawford, Esther Elizabeth 
Cronin, James Anthony 
Gilmore, James Edward 
Hartley, Margaret Agnes 
Mullane, Helen Josephine . 
Pillsbury, Rosa Lillian 
Reid, Violet Prudence . 
Ritchie, Mary Elinor . 



Gloucester 

Wakefield 

Danvers 

Manchester 

Danvers 

Maiden 

Beverly 

Peabody 

Amesbury 

Dorchester 

Maiden 

Salem 

West Somerville 



Commercial Department 

Four Years 
Silva, Evelyn Carolyn . . ... . Gloucester 

Certificates for One Year's Work 

Commercial Department 

Lee, Helen Evans Williams . . . Cambridge 
McCarthy, William Joseph, A.B. ■ . . Charlestown 



Membership for the Year 1918-1919 
Elementary Department 

Senior Class 

Adams, Elizabeth Cynthia .... Newburyport 
Agnew, Florence Anna .... East Lynn 
Anderson, Bertha Maria .... Cambridge 



57 



Andrews, Doris 
Ball, Avis Winifred 
Barton, Irene Winnie . 
Batchelder, Margaret Kemble 
Beirne, Mary Josephine 
Binsky, Esther Lillian . 
Bradley, Anna Gertrude 
Brenton, Gladys Marguerite 
Burke, Eleanor Catherine . 
Cannell, Madeleine 
Cannon, Mary Josephine 
Coffin, Mary Josephine 
Cooper, Alice Gertrude 
Cox, Ethel Allen . 
Cummings, Lucy Frances . 
Cunningham, Laura Cecile . 
Cunningham, Mary Margaret 
Darling, Dorothy . 
Dunley, Estella Ellen . 
Emerson, Ruth May . 
Evans, Alice Spofford . 
Fay, Anna Stasia . 
Finn, Marie Gertrude . 
Fitzgerald, Catherine Veronica 
Flynn, Laura Monica . 
Foley, Jessie Johnston . 
Frisbie, Barbara Heed . 
Frye, Mary Edna . 
Gilbert, Hilma Chester 
Guarnaccia, Elizabeth . 
Hewitt, Margaret Lillian l . 
Hilton, Mary Chadwick 
Huse, Gladj^s Pauline . 
Joyce, Ruth Frances 
Kelley, Ruth Marie 
Kenerson, Viola Gray . 
Keyes, Dorothy Elizabeth . 
Knowlton, Almina Caroline 
Knowlton, Dorothy Louise . 
Littlefield, Ruth Lee . 



Gloucester 

Salem 

Salem 

Wenham 

Peabody 

Chelsea 

Salem 

Arlington Heights 

Pigeon Cove 

Everett 

Cambridge 

Newburyport 

Beverly 

Melrose Highlands 

Salem 

Medford 

Salem 

Ipswich 

Revere 

Gloucester 

West Newbury 

Beverly 

Revere 

Beverly 

Somerville 

Newburyport 

Rockport 

Beverly 

South Essex 

Wakefield 

Watertown 

Dorchester 

White River Junction, Vt. 

Ipswich 

Salem 

Cliftondale 

Rowley 

New London, N. H. 

Melrose 

Saugus 



1 Was a member of the school less than one-third of the year 



58 



MacDonald, Ethel Olive 
McQuaid, Mary Calista 
Menkes, Frances Isabelle 
Miller, Hazel Evelyn . 
Milliken, Beatrice Mary 
Murphy, Katherine Helena 
Neenan, Esther Marie . 
Nolan, Olivine Katherine 
O'Keefe, Katherine Dorothea 
O'Maley, Mary Winifred 
Oman, Jennie Maria 
O'Neil, Martha Veronica 
Peabody, Ruth Choate 
Pearson, Margaret 
Peterson, Mildred Pearl 
Russell, Alma Evelyn . 
Ryder, Dorothy Moore 
Sawyer, Reba Mudgett 
Sejnnour, Charlotte Moulton 
Shay, Dorothea Annette 
Shea, Margaret Mary . 
Sherin, Freda Charlotte 
Siegel, Sadie Rose 
Sinclair, Ivy Ruth 
Slater, Gertrude . 
Spollett, Bernice May . 
Stack, Alice Cecilia 
Stack, Eunice Gertrude 
Steutermann, Alice Christina 
Sweeney, Mary Ellen l . 
Taylor, Grace Eliza 
Trefry, Ethel Evangeline 
Tully, Mary Ellen 
Walsh, Margaret Elizabeth 
Webster, Ruth Anita 1 . 
Weeks, Flora Elmira . 
Welch, Cora Estelle 
White, Madeline Elsie . 
Williams, Thelma Elizabeth 



West Peabody 

Maiden 

Cambridge 

Essex Falls 

Danvers 

Lynn 

Lynn 

Salem 

Peabody 

South Boston 

Pigeon Cove 

Danvers 

Rowley 

Melrose 

Cliftondale 

Arlington 

Somerville 

Salem 

East Lynn 

Somerville 

Charlestown 

Salem 

Dorchester 

Peabody 

Winthrop 

Haverhill 

Andover 

Andover 

Danvers 

Danvers 

Boston 

Greenwood 

Salem 

Maiden 

Winthrop 

Wells, Maine 

Newburyport 

Salem 

New Bedford 



1 Was a member of the school less than one-third of the year 



59 



Wilson, Katherine Frances . 
Wolejka, Antoinette Dorothy 
Worthley, Eliza May . 



Marblehead 

Roslindale 

Maiden 



Middle Year Class 
Cooney, Helen Marie l . ... Salem 



Murphy, Rose Catharine 


. Salem 


Junior Class 


Bocholtz, Ida 


. Maiden 


Box, Elizabeth Aurelia 


. Beverly 


Box, Helen Bernadette 


. Beverly 


Bray, Catherine Mary .... 


. Medford 


Browne, Bertha Ward , 


. Wakefield 


Chase, Angelyn Ruth .... 


. Danvers 


Cheever, Helen 


. Manchester 


Clucas, Elgie 


. Cliftondale 


Coane, Phyllis Mildred 


. Beverly 


Cogswell, Elizabeth Frost . 


. Essex 


Coughlin, Lillian Mary 


. Lynn 


Couhig, Irene Elizabeth 


. Beverly 


Crosson, Wilhelmina Marguerita 


. Boston 


Culbert, Erne Leslie 


. Beverly Farms 


Davis, Celia Helen l 


. Salem 


Davis, Morna Belle 


. Annisquam 


Dickie, Alberta 1 . . . 


. Newburyport 


Dodge, Frances Irene . 


. Salem 


Donahue, Grace Julia . 


. West Somerville 


Donovan, Katherine Louise l 


. Salem 


Dunlevy, Mary Winifred 


. Maiden 


Ellis, Helen Margaret . 


. Peabody 


Elmer, Marian Louise . 


. Cliftondale 


Farrell, Grace Margaret 


. Swampscott 


Glass, Ruth Rose 1 


. Chelsea 


Gordon, Lena Loretta .. 


. Chelsea 


Gould, Florence Evelyn 


. Danvers 


Guarnaccia, Cora .... 


. Wakefield 



1 Was a member of the school less than one-third of the year 



60 



Herrick, Alice Killam . 
Herrick, Ruth Armstrong . 
Holder, Leverett Thomas, Jr. 
Holohan, Emeline Veronica 
Hunting, Alice Adrienne l 
Hurt, Ruth Madelon . 
Johnson, Efne Concordia 
Jones, Myrtle Irene 
Joseph, Marion Carney 
Kaufman, Jennie l 
Keith, Helen Frances . 
Keller, Olivia Anne 
Kelley, Jennie Frances 
Kimball, Esther Naomi 
Kirrane, Margaret Mary 1 
Larson, Lillian Matilda 
Levin, Sophia Helen 1 . 
Lossone, Evelyn Myrtle 
Macauley, Priscilla May 
Maxwell, Leona Gertrude 1 
McKenzie, Mildred Fern 1 
Mittel, Edith 
Moore, Gladys Cynthia 
Murphy, Beatrice Ashby 
Nelson, Abbie Marie . 
Nelson, May Aylward * 
Noyes, Inez Gertrude . 
O'Keefe, Lenore Helene 
Patch, Jane Althea 
Pease, Dorothy Cooper 
Perry, Marion Gertrude 1 
Pickard, Elizabeth Pauline 
Pickard, Lena Grace 
Pisnoy, Blanche . 
Pitman, Dorothy Savory 
Plummer, Mary Alice . 
Poole, Elizabeth Gorham 
Quinlan, Elizabeth Frances 
Roberts, Wilfred Henry 



Manchester 

Manchester 

Swampscott 

Arlington 

Petersham 

Peabody 

Gloucester 

Swampscott 

South Essex 

Salem 

Everett 

Woburn 

West Rutland, Vt. 

Salisbury 

Salem 

Salem 

Salem 

Melrose 

Gloucester 

Lynn 

West Peabody 

Beverly 

Boxford 

Groton 

Chelsea 

Newburyport 

Newburyport 

Gloucester 

Lynn 

Wakefield 

Bay View 

Groveland 

Everett 

Chelsea 

Foxborough 

Salem 

Gloucester 

Salem 

West Somerville 



1 Was a member of the school less than one-third of the year 



61 



Rogers, Marion Florence 
Ross, Stella Mary 
Rudd, Ethel Florence . 
Russell, Catherine Alice 
Savel, Celia . 
Simpson, Isabelle Ruth 
Smith, Mary Elizabeth l 
Soars, Marion Edith . 
Solomon, Hortense Douglas 
Sproat, Marion Hellen 
Stevens, Marion Alberta 
Sullivan, Gertrude Elizabeth 
Town send, Ellen Louise 
Walsh, Helen Frances . 
Walsh, Katherine Christina 
Ward, Marjorie Bradley 
Webber, Gertrude Mary 
Wentworth, Grace Evelyn 
Winn, Mary Jane . 



Salem 

Chelsea 

Somerville 

Salem 

Maiden 

Beverly 

Cliftondale 

Newburyport 

Melrose 

Danvers 

Reading 

Winthrop 

Revere 

Salem 

Peabody 

Marblehead 

Revere 

Salem 

Methuen 



Intermediate Department 
Senior Class 



Group 
Barstow, Mildred Louise 
Clarke, Elizabeth Theresa . 
Fogg, Edna Almira 

Foote, Hilda 

Gourdine, Eulalie x 
Jackman, Ruth Emerson 
Johnson, Clara Louise . 
Lathrop, Helen Okell . 
Magennis, Anne Elizabeth . 
Malinowska, Frances Nathalie . 
McGlone, John Philip . 
Peterson, Signe Margaret . 
Quinlan, Frances Mary Geraldine 
Salmon, Mary Agnes . 
Welch, Mary Maud 



Wakefield 

Salem 

Lynn 

Lynn 

Everett 

Salem 

Boston 

Lawrence 

Medford 

Salem 

Peabody 

Maiden 

Danvers 

Salem 

Salem 



1 Was a member of the school less than one-third of the year 



62 



Group III 



Beach, Eugenie Ella 






Salem 


Harlow, Ellen Sarah Andrews 






Salem 


Jeffery, Blanche Eleanora l . 






Salem 


Marsh, Eliza Belle 






. Lynn 


Moriarty, Helen . 






Danvers 


Sheppard, Gertrude Rebecca 






Ipswich 


Striley, Charles Harold 






Danvers 


Tarbox, Luella Florence 






Lynn 


Varina, Hazel Dorothy 






Swampscott 


Middle Year Class 


Breed, Isabel Blanche ...... East Lynn 


Brown, Hannah Pearl . 




. Marblehead 


Casano, Lydia Glover . 




. Melrose Highlands 


Clerke, Hazel Annetta . 




. Lynn 


Donlan, Anna Catherine 




. West Lynn 


Donovan, Catherine Teresa 




. Lynn 


Donovan, Regina Carolyn . 




. North Andover 


Douglass, Margaret Frances 




. Wakefield 


Eastland, Helen Cameron . 




. Marblehead 


Finnin, Marion Julia . 




. Medford 


Flanagan, Marion Dillon 




. Lynn 


Getchell, Elizabeth Da Costa 




. Salem 


Hedlund, Maria Cecilia 




. West Somerville 


Higgins, Eunice Snow . 




. Somerville 


James, Elizabeth .... 




. Ipswich 


Johnson, Mildred Louise 




. Maiden 


Killam, Hazel .... 




. East Lynn 


Miles, Rena Maud 




. Salem 


Muffin, Rachel Elizabeth 




. Byfield 


Rhodes, Eleanor Mae . 




. Lynn 


Richardson, Alice Kimball . 




. • Middleton 


Ricker, Muriel Gladys . 




. East Lynn 


Robbins, Mary Bartlett 




. Lynn 


Russell, Eveljm .... 




. Everett 


Shaw, Muriel Hope 




. Everett 



Was a member of the school less than one-third of the year 



63 



Tierney, Mary Margaret 
Williams, Ruth Closson 
Woodbury, Doris Elliott 



Danvers 
East Lynn 
Danvers 



Commercial Department 



Senior Class 

Ahlgren, Mildred Beatrice Gunhild 
Canniffe, Veronica Margaret 
Danner, Alice Josephine 
Donnelly, Evelyn Sarah 
Higgins, Albert Francis 
MacDonnell, Gladys Frances 
McCarthy, John Joseph 
Moore, Margery . 
Mullin, Agnes Marie . 
Pitman, Ruth Frances . 
Reed, Dorothy May 
Roughsedge, Margaret Gertrude 
Stevens, Bertha Evelyn 
Wahlman, Anna Gertrude . 



Brockton 

Marblehead 

Maiden 

Wakefield 

East Lynn 

Everett 

Peabody 

Charlestown 

Haverhill 

Foxborough 

Lawrence 

Medford 

Haverhill 

Boston 



Special Students, One-year Course 

Donahue, Charles James, A.B. . . . Lawrence 

Lee, Francis Gregory, A.B Brighton 

Prescott, Dorothy Nutting . . . . Haverhill 

Special Students in Second Year of Two-year Course 

Donovan, William Augustine . . . Lawrence 
Riley, Mary Veronica l ... 



Lawrence 



Junior Class 



[In accordance with the requirements stated on page 16, paragraph 4, the members of this 
class are this year employed in business offices under the general supervision of the school.] 



Bardsley, Grace Leah . 
Callanan, Grace Hanson 
Colclough, Ruth Foster 
Conant, Ruth Dearing 
Coombs, Ruby Isabella 



Fall River 

Salem 

Maiden 

Salem 

Salem 



1 Was a member of the school less than one-third of the year 



64 



Damon, Helen Nichols 
Dolan, Margaret Elizabeth 
Donahue, Walter Henry 
Ehler, Daisy Ernestine 
Hynes, Mary Catherine 
Johnson, Helen Conant 
Mayes, Caroline Eliza . 
McCarthy, Richard Aiden 
McGinley, Grace Elizabeth 
Scanlon, Viola Marie . 
Stone, Marjorie Virginia 
Vint, Doris Elaine 



Salem 

Foxborough 

Stow 

Gloucester 

Lynn 

Lynn 

Ipswich 

Ayer 

Hamilton 

Lawrence 

Ipswich 

Wakefield 



Sophomore Cl 



Anderson, Signe Helen 
Crosby, Elizabeth Esther 
Devaney, Man 7 Irene . 
Gilman, Ruth Mary 
Haskell, David Lufkin, Jr. 1 
Horan, Elizabeth Cecelia 
Hurley, Mary Katherine 
Kennett, Dorothy Elizabeth 
Lyon, Clare Evelyn x . 
McCarthy, Josephine Mary 
McNamara, Alice Pauline 
Mehlman, Artemisia 
Milbery, Marada Blanche 
O'Brien, Mary Margaret 
O'Donnell, Helen Bernadine 
Ott, Katherine Lucy . 
Sculley, Mary Elizabeth 
Toner, James John l 
Tutein, Dora Gertrude 



A.SS 



Barre 

Wakefield 

Lenox 

Wakefield 

Essex 

South Hamilton 

Dorchester 

West Newbury 

Lynn 

Somerville 

Clinton 

Gloucester 

Wareham 

Belmont 

Fitchburg 

Shrewsbury 

South Hamilton 

Dorchester 

Billerica 



Freshman Class 

Bennett, Leah Evoline .... Ashland 

Bonia, Mary Louise Gloucester 

Condon, Julia Veronica .... Medford 



1 Was a member of the school less than one-third of the year 



65 



Darling, Marjorie Emeline . 
Denney, Isabelle Julia . 
Doyle, Irene Louise 
Emerson, Beatrice 
Ferguson, Mildred Ruth * . 
Fitts, Hazel Mabel 
Flynn, Mary Alice 
Goodwin, Beulah Currier . 
Gooch, Helen Cummings 
Harney, Lucy Josephine 
Hoffman, Esther May . 
Leahy, Ellen King 
Norton, Grace Doris 
Peabody, Ruth Marion 
Perkins, Abram Story 1 
Sears, Dorothy Anne Magdalene 
Seavey, Dawn Elizabeth 
Vradenburgh, Marjorie Jeanette 
Yorke, Ruth Agnes x 



South Easton 

Gardner 

Danvers 

Lynn 

Melrose 

North Reading 

Salem 

Newburyport 

North Easton 

Lynn 

Athol 

Lynn 

Brockton 

Lynnfield 

Essex 

Danvers 

North Hampton, N. H. 

Medford Hillside 

Canton 



Summary 

Students of the elementary and intermediate departments 
Students of the commercial department 
Special students, commercial department 



226 

72 
5 

303 



Whole number of students from opening of school . . . 7,308 

Whole number of graduates 4,101 

Number of certificates for special course of one or two years . 160 



1 Was a member of the school less than one-third of the year